Melina López-Meyer

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In natural ecosystems, the roots of many plants exist in association with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, and the resulting symbiosis has profound effects on the plant. The most frequently documented response is an increase in phosphorus nutrition; however, other effects have been noted, including increased resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses. Here(More)
SUMMARY The plant hormone ethylene negatively regulates bacterial infection and nodule formation in legumes in response to symbiotic rhizobia, but the molecular mechanism(s) of ethylene action in symbiosis remain obscure. We have identified and characterized multiple mutant alleles of the MtSkl1 gene, which controls both ethylene sensitivity and nodule(More)
The stalk, ear and root rot (SERR) of maize caused by Fusarium verticillioides (Fv) severely impacts crop production in tropical and subtropical regions. The aim of the present work was to screen bacterial isolates in order to find novel native biocontrol agents against Fv. A culturable bacterial collection consisting of 11,520 isolates enriched in(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is a beneficial association between plant roots and fungi that occurs in approximately 80 % of terrestrial plants and which confers different benefits including mineral nutrient acquisition and enhanced defense capacity. Although mycorrhizal colonization takes place in roots, the symbiosis establishment has systemic effects(More)
We utilized the two-compartment system to study the effect of arsenic (As) on the expression of the Glomus intraradices high-affinity phosphate transporter GiPT, and the GiArsA gene, a novel protein with a possible putative role as part of an arsenite efflux pump and similar to ArsA ATPase. Our results show that induction of GiPT expression correlates with(More)
Plant establishment, presence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and other rhizospheric fungi were studied in mine wastes from Zimapan, Hidalgo state, Mexico, using a holistic approach. Two long-term afforested and three non-afforested mine tailings were included in this research. Fifty-six plant species belonging to 29 families were successfully(More)
In addition to the nutrient exchange that is promoted by the arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis (AMS) between plants and fungi, AMS triggers mycorrhiza-induced protection against plant pathogens. Although the induction of this protection against diverse plant pathogens has been described for several plant species, it is not clear if its onset differs among(More)
Medicarpin and maackiain are antifungal pterocarpan phytoalexins produced by many legumes, and are thought to be important components of the defense response of these legumes to certain fungal pathogens. The Mak1 gene from the fungal pathogen Nectria haematococca encodes an FAD-dependent mono-oxygenase, known to specifically hydroxylate the phytoalexins(More)
HMGR (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase; E.C.1.1.1.34) supplies mevalonate for the synthesis of many plant primary and secondary metabolites, including the terpenoid component of indole alkaloids. Suspension cultures of Camptotheca acuminata and Catharanthus roseus, two species valued for their anticancer indole alkaloids, were treated with(More)
A comparative proteomic approach was performed to analyze the differential accumulation of leaf proteins in response to the symbiosis between Solanum lycopersicum and the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Rhizophagus irregularis. Protein profiling was examined in leaves from tomato plants colonized with AMF (M), as well as non-colonized plants fertilized(More)