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In non-smokers, passive heat stress increases shear stress and vasodilation, decreasing arterial stiffness. Smokers, who reportedly have arterial dysfunction, may have similar improvements in arterial stiffness with passive heat stress. Therefore, we examined the effects of an acute bout of whole-body passive heat stress on arterial stiffness in smokers vs.(More)
Hemodynamic and ECG effects of intravenous flecainide were assessed in 10 patients with acute myocardial infarction and no symptoms or signs of heart failure. The dose was 2 mg/kg injected over a 15-minute period. R-R interval did not change, but PR interval and QRS increased significantly, 28% (p less than 0.0005) and 20% (p less than 0.05), respectively.(More)
UNLABELLED The time to first ICD shock has been extensively studied in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there are no published data on ICD shocks in patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChC). The occurrence of the first appropriate ICD shock during the first 6 months of follow-up in 20 patients with ChC (group 1) and 35 CAD patients(More)
Chagas' disease is a parasitic affliction, endemic to certain regions of South America, which may lead to a chronic dilated nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Ten Chagasic patients were compared to 18 coronary patients undergoing transvenous ICD implantation for ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), or aborted cardiac arrest. Indications for(More)
Third-generation implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) offer tiered therapy and can provide significant advantage in the management of patients with life-threatening arrhythmias. Three different types of ICDs were implanted in 21 patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF). Arrhythmia presentation was VT (76%), VF(More)
We evaluated the practicality of predicting phenytoin serum levels in an office practice. Once two phenytoin serum levels were obtained on two different dosage regimens, a table of future doses and predicted serum levels was calculated and plotted on a graph. Subsequent dosage adjustments resulted in serum levels that correlated well with predictions. In 7(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare smokers and nonsmokers' sudomotor and cutaneous vascular responses to whole body passive heat stress. Nine regularly smoking (SMK: 29 ± 9 yr; 10 ± 6 cigarettes/day) and 13 nonsmoking (N-SMK: 27 ± 8 yr) males were passively heated until core temperature (TC) increased 1.5°C from baseline. Forearm local sweat rate(More)