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Spinal cord epidural metastasis (SEM) is a common complication of systemic cancer with an increasing incidence. Prostate, breast and lung cancer are the most common offenders. Metastasis usually arises in the posterior aspect of vertebral body with later invasion of epidural space. Pathophysiologically, vascular insufficiency is more important than direct(More)
Aggressive and infiltrative invasion is one of the hallmarks of glioblastoma. Low-density lipoprotein receptor–related protein (LRP) is expressed by glioblastoma, but the role of this receptor in astrocytic tumor invasion remains poorly understood. We show that activation of protein kinase C-A (PKC-A) phosphorylated and down-regulated LRP expression.(More)
Eosinophilic granuloma (EG), a benign bone lesion, represents a focal form of histiocytosis X. Here, the authors report a case of an extremely rare presentation of a solitary EG of the skull. A 9-year-old boy presented with headache and vomiting for 3 days. His examination was unremarkable except for a tender mass in his left occipital region. Radiological(More)
The authors present the case of a 20-year-old woman with right-sided temporal intraparenchymal meningioma originating from underlying meningioangiomatosis. The patient manifested temporal-type seizures as the initial symptom. She had no stigmata of neurofibromatosis Type 2. Neuroradiological studies revealed an intraaxial, contrast-enhancing lesion in the(More)
STUDY DESIGN A case report of intraradicular disc herniation. Intraradicular disc herniation is a special type of intradural disc herniations. In this report, we present the tenth case of intraradicular lumbar disc herniation and suggest a new classification for intradural disc herniations. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old male was admitted to hospital having(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal teratomas are rare lesions. The authors present an intramedullary spinal teratoma associated with diplomyelia. CASE DESCRIPTION This 34-year-old female patient presented with right lower extremity weakness, left lower extremity sensory deficit, and urinary retention. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a focally expansile, intramedullary(More)
AIM Protein kinase-C (PKC) and NF-kappaB are involved in cell survival, proliferation, migration and radioresistance in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We sought to determine the interaction between PKC and NF-kappaB pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS The activation of NF-kappaB by PKC alpha and PKC delta was assessed by Western blotting after the stimulation(More)
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) may change the cerebral hemodynamics. The purpose of this study was to detect the effects of ionizing radiation (IR) on tissues surrounding AVM in a rat caroticojugular fistula model. Forty rats were divided into four groups. Eight weeks after caroticojugular fistulas and chronic hypoperfusion were created in groups 1 and 2,(More)
Diagnosis of oligodendroglioma from other clear cell neoplasms of central nervous system (CNS) is still challenging despite advances in neuroradiology and molecular diagnostic tools. Herein, we present a 44-year-old male patient who had a diagnosis of right parietal oligodendroglioma grade II in 1994 which recurred in 2002. He presented with intratumoral(More)