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Aggressive and infiltrative invasion is one of the hallmarks of glioblastoma. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is expressed by glioblastoma, but the role of this receptor in astrocytic tumor invasion remains poorly understood. We show that activation of protein kinase C-alpha (PKC-alpha) phosphorylated and down-regulated LRP(More)
BACKGROUND Aquaporin-4 (aqp-4) is a member of water channel family proteins primarily expressed in the central nervous system. Physiologically it is the main channel providing water transport into the nervous system water compartments and across the blood-brain barrier. Several studies demonstrated its compensatory role in severe hydrocephalus. However, its(More)
Low-grade gliomas (LGG) are increasingly being diagnosed in older patients (>or=60 years). The rising incidence is incompletely understood but demands an analysis of the natural history and prognostic factors to determine if there are differences compared to younger populations. We retrospectively review a consecutive series of 20 older patients who(More)
Diagnosis of oligodendroglioma from other clear cell neoplasms of central nervous system (CNS) is still challenging despite advances in neuroradiology and molecular diagnostic tools. Herein, we present a 44-year-old male patient who had a diagnosis of right parietal oligodendroglioma grade II in 1994 which recurred in 2002. He presented with intratumoral(More)
We report a 46-year-old female patient in whom epilepsia partialis continua was the initial presentation of small cell lung cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple, bilateral cortical lesions, which were originally misinterpreted and treated as brain metastases. Intracranial lesions and neurological symptoms remitted after corticosteroids,(More)
OBJECT Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is used as a hemostatic agent in many neurosurgery centers. The authors used a 3% H2O2 solution for final hemostasis after removal of a left insular tumor. Immediately afterward, air bubbles were observed within the lumen of the polar temporal artery. Postoperative MR imaging revealed punctate areas of infarction in the(More)
Spinal cord epidural metastasis (SEM) is a common complication of systemic cancer with an increasing incidence. Prostate, breast and lung cancer are the most common offenders. Metastasis usually arises in the posterior aspect of vertebral body with later invasion of epidural space. Pathophysiologically, vascular insufficiency is more important than direct(More)
The authors present the case of a 20-year-old woman with right-sided temporal intraparenchymal meningioma originating from underlying meningioangiomatosis. The patient manifested temporal-type seizures as the initial symptom. She had no stigmata of neurofibromatosis Type 2. Neuroradiological studies revealed an intraaxial, contrast-enhancing lesion in the(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal teratomas are rare lesions. The authors present an intramedullary spinal teratoma associated with diplomyelia. CASE DESCRIPTION This 34-year-old female patient presented with right lower extremity weakness, left lower extremity sensory deficit, and urinary retention. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a focally expansile, intramedullary(More)
IN 1891, Dr. Cemil Topuzlu operated on a brain abscess that originated as a complication of a depression fracture of the cranial inner table. The patient presented with Jacksonian seizures on his left side after a sharp trauma resulting in a 15 cm-long scalp laceration and underlying linear cranial fracture in the right parietal bone. Dr. Topuzlu attributed(More)