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Aggressive and infiltrative invasion is one of the hallmarks of glioblastoma. Low-density lipoprotein receptor–related protein (LRP) is expressed by glioblastoma, but the role of this receptor in astrocytic tumor invasion remains poorly understood. We show that activation of protein kinase C-A (PKC-A) phosphorylated and down-regulated LRP expression.(More)
INTRODUCTION Eosinophilic granuloma (EG), a benign bone lesion, represents a focal form of histiocytosis X. Here, the authors report a case of an extremely rare presentation of a solitary EG of the skull. CASE REPORT A 9-year-old boy presented with headache and vomiting for 3 days. His examination was unremarkable except for a tender mass in his left(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a heterogeneous group of tumors, and neuroimaging characteristics have not been well-defined in molecular subgroups. Eighty-five patients with GBM were analyzed regarding imaging characteristics and correlation to p53 expression. The p53 positivity was graded according to percentage of positive cells (Grade 0, for < 10%;(More)
The authors present the case of a 20-year-old woman with right-sided temporal intraparenchymal meningioma originating from underlying meningioangiomatosis. The patient manifested temporal-type seizures as the initial symptom. She had no stigmata of neurofibromatosis Type 2. Neuroradiological studies revealed an intraaxial, contrast-enhancing lesion in the(More)
PURPOSE Meningiomas are mostly benign, however atypical or malignant subtypes with more aggressive clinical course and higher recurrence rates can also be seen. The purpose of this study was to determine whether histopathological subtypes of meningiomas could be assessed preoperatively using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. MATERIALS AND(More)
An 18-year-old male with Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome was presented with spastic quadriparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of whole spinal canal revealed stenosis at multiple levels of cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions. By the guidance of combined evaluations of neurological examination, neuroradiological and electrophysiological findings, the most(More)
BACKGROUND Aquaporin-4 (aqp-4) is a member of water channel family proteins primarily expressed in the central nervous system. Physiologically it is the main channel providing water transport into the nervous system water compartments and across the blood-brain barrier. Several studies demonstrated its compensatory role in severe hydrocephalus. However, its(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-13 (IL-13) receptors are overexpressed in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The presence of IL-13 binding sites in GBM and their absence in normal brain tissue validates IL-13 receptor as an important target in human GBM. OBJECTIVE This review discusses the bench-to-bedside experience with a recombinant cytotoxin composed of human(More)
Low-grade gliomas (LGG) are increasingly being diagnosed in older patients (>or=60 years). The rising incidence is incompletely understood but demands an analysis of the natural history and prognostic factors to determine if there are differences compared to younger populations. We retrospectively review a consecutive series of 20 older patients who(More)
Pyknodysostosis is a rarely encountered disease. It is characterized by abnormal facial development, fragility of the bones with relatively mild trauma, cranial abnormalities including widely opened sutures and fontanels frontal bossing, wrinkled skin, finger and nail abnormalities. In the literature, pyknodysostosis was reported only as case reports. Here,(More)