Melda Y Yardimoglu

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Effects of agmatine, an endogenous metabolite formed by decarboxylation of L-arginine, on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury were investigated in rats. Agmatine at 1 and 10 mg/kg i.p doses significantly increased ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury. This effect of agmatine was abolished completely by pretreatment with idazoxan, an imidazoline(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to contribute to the literature on the prevention and treatment of ototoxicity due to various drugs and chemicals. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study compared the histological effects of intratympanic dexamethasone, memantine and piracetam on cellular apoptosis due to cisplatin ototoxicity, in 36 rats. RESULTS Dexamethasone and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate neuron-specific enolase (NSE) immunoreactivity of the different brain regions after pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)- induced epileptic seizures in rats. Light microscopic examinations provided evidences for changes of neuronal activity after single and repeated seizures. The number of NSE (+) cells was well correlated with(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) mediates homophilic adhesion between cells and heterophilic adhesion between cells and extracellular matrix in a Ca2+-independent manner. N-CAM is widely expressed during development and plays a crucial role in cell division, migration, and differentiation, but its expression is restricted in adults. The distribution of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The causes of malnutrition in liver cirrhosis are multifactorial. Levels of IGF-1 (insulin like growth factor-1) that is a crucial regulator of intermediary metabolism decreases. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of IGF-1 supplementation during liver cirrhosis induced by common bile duct ligation. METHODOLOGY Rats were(More)
The histopathological effects of cholesterol and the protective effects of vitamin E and selenium (Se) on renal histology were examined in Sprague-Dawley rats. Light-microscopic evaluation of the renal cortex revealed: glomerular fibrosis, cellular and mesangial proliferation, capillary obliteration and cholesterol crystals in the tubular lumina of the(More)
In the present study, the effects of chronic ethanol (ETOH) treatment on the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity was investigated in adult rat brains. ETOH were administered as increasing concentrations of 2.4%-7.2% (v/v) gradually for 21 days. Immunocytochemistry revealed that chronic-ETOH treatment increased synthesis of GFAP. The(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is used as a marker of astrocyte response to various central nervous system injuries. In the present study, the effects of chronic ethanol administration on GFAP immunoreactivity were evaluated in astrocytes of the adult optic nerve head. The results demonstrated that ethanol exposure significantly and dramatically(More)
Many cases of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are the result of placental and fetal tissue insufficiency. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is known to play a role in placental and fetal growth. An immunocytochemical study was performed to localize IGF-I peptides in human placenta and umbilical cords of normal (n = 3) and IUGR (n = 3) fetuses. The(More)