Melchiorre Brai

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The immunogenetic basis of severe infections caused by bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine and environmental mycobacteria in humans remains largely unknown. We describe 18 patients from several generations of 12 unrelated families who were heterozygous for 1 to 5 overlapping IFNGR1 frameshift small deletions and a wild-type IFNGR1 allele. There were 12(More)
A complete mutational scan of the gene coding for the serpin C1 inhibitor, comprising all eight exons and adjacent intron sequences and 550 bp preceding the transcription start site, was rapidly accomplished in 36 unrelated angioedema patients by using fluorescence-assisted mismatch analysis (FAMA). Mutations accounting for C1 inhibitor deficiency were(More)
Here we investigate the effects of tetracycline base and of a semi-synthetic tetracycline derivative, doxycycline, on the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase and, hence, on the production of nitric oxide (NO) by lipopolysaccharide in J774 macrophage cultured in vitro. The treatment of J774 line with tetracycline base (6.25-250 microM) or(More)
Three of four children in a family have homozygous (less than 1% of normal) deficiency of factor H of the complement system and both parents, who are first cousins, are heterozygous for the same defect. The father and two of the H-deficient siblings also have a partial C2 deficiency. One of the children with combined deficiencies is affected by systemic(More)
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a disease related to a complement disorder, namely a deficiency of C1 esterase inhibitor. Complement-split products are implicated in the regulation of the immune response, and we have compared some immunologic parameters between HAE and normal individuals. T-lymphocytes with receptors for IgG were increased in HAE, but no(More)
Classical and alternative complement pathway activities have been evaluated in sera of women in progressive stages of gestation and in pregnant mice belonging to outbred or inbred matings, as compared to suitable controls. While classical C pathway was found to be unmodified, the alternative one attained in pregnancy significantly higher activity levels.(More)
The complement system is an important part of non clonal or innate immunity that collaborates with acquired immunity to kill pathogens and to facilitate the clearance of immune complexes. The complement is made up of 20 distinct plasma proteins and 9 different membrane proteins. Three components, factor B, C2 and C4 (with 2 isotypes), are coded by(More)
A total of 100 Chinese blood donors (50 from Shen-Zhen and 50 from Taiwan) were studied by the participants in addition to 9 reference samples. A new nomenclature for the CR1 structural alleles was recommended by the participants which would use a numbering system, e.g. CR1*1. The structural allele frequencies in the Chinese were: CR1*1 (190 kD) 0.96, CR1*2(More)
Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes were found to be able to synthetize and release substantial amounts of PGE2' when stimulated by a phagocytic stimulus such as zymosan particles coated with complement. Hydrocortisone, at a concentration of 10(-5) M, which proved to be effective in other biological systems, failed to inhibit phagocytosis and PG release.