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Ethanolamine kinase (ATP:ethanolamine O-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1. 82) catalyzes the committed step of phosphatidylethanolamine synthesis via the CDP-ethanolamine pathway. The gene encoding ethanolamine kinase (EKI1) was identified from the Saccharomyces Genome Data Base (locus YDR147W) based on its homology to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CKI1-encoded(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about how breastfeeding rates are affected by drugs routinely administered in labour. OBJECTIVE To examine a large obstetric data set to investigate potentially modifiable associations between drugs routinely administered in labour and breastfeeding in healthy women and infants. DESIGN Retrospective cohort. SETTING The(More)
Lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria are increasingly being administered to pregnant women and infants with the intention of improving health. Although these organisms have a long record of safe use, it is important to identify any adverse effects in potentially vulnerable populations. In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a multistrain, high-dose probiotic in the prevention of eczema. DESIGN A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trial. SETTINGS Antenatal clinics, research clinic, children at home. PATIENTS Pregnant women and their infants. INTERVENTIONS Women from 36 weeks gestation and their infants to age 6 months(More)
Two yeast enzymes, Psd1p and Psd2p, catalyze the decarboxylation of phosphatidylserine to produce phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn). Mitochondrial Psd1p provides approximately 90% of total cellular phosphatidylserine decarboxylase activity. When the PSD1 gene is deleted, the resultant strain (psd1Delta) grows normally at 30 degrees C in glucose and in the(More)
The lethal consequences of imbalances in lipid and sterol metabolism in human diseases such as atherosclerosis and lipid storage disorders underscores our need to know how cholesterol, phospholipid and sphingolipid metabolism is integrated. Accumulation and abnormal localization of lipids and sterol affects cellular function not only by perturbing membrane(More)
Sphingomyelin (SM) and cholesterol content is positively correlated in cellular membranes, and in several pathological and experimental conditions there is evidence for coregulation. The potential role of oxysterols and oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) in mediating the coregulation of cholesterol and SM was examined using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and(More)
Oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) translocation between Golgi and vesicular/cytoplasmic compartments is affected by conditions that alter cholesterol and sphingomyelin homeostasis, indicating a role in lipid and sterol regulation in this organelle. In this study, we show that OSBP dissociation from the Golgi apparatus was inhibited when LDL cholesterol(More)
Sterol regulation-defective (SRD) 4 cells expressing a mutant sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) cleavage-activating protein (SCAP D443N) and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing SCAP (CHO-SCAP) and SCAP D443N (CHO-SCAP-D443N) have increased cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis because of constitutive processing of SREBPs. We(More)
Phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) biosynthesis was examined in the sterol regulatory defective (SRD) Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line SRD 6. SRD 6 cells do not display transcriptional activation of sterol-regulated genes and are cholesterol auxotrophs. Compared to CHO 7 cells (parental line from which the SRD cells were derived), incorporation of(More)