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BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (ATII), a potent vasoconstrictor, causes hypertension, promotes infiltration of myelomonocytic cells into the vessel wall, and stimulates both vascular and inflammatory cell NADPH oxidases. The predominant source of reactive oxygen species, eg, vascular (endothelial, smooth muscle, adventitial) versus phagocytic NADPH oxidase, and(More)
BACKGROUND Interaction between vascular wall abnormalities, inflammatory leukocytes, platelets, coagulation factors and hemorheology in the pathogenesis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is incompletely understood, requiring well defined animal models of human disease. METHODS AND RESULTS We subjected male C57BL/6 mice to ligation of the inferior vena cava(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune cells contribute to angiotensin II (ATII)-induced vascular dysfunction and inflammation. Interferon-γ (IFN-γ), an inflammatory cytokine exclusively produced by immune cells, seems to be involved in ATII-driven cardiovascular injury, but the actions and cellular source of IFN-γ remain incompletely understood. APPROACH AND RESULTS(More)
IFN-α is an antineoplastic agent in the treatment of several solid and hematologic malignancies that exerts strong immune- and autoimmune-stimulating activity. However, the mechanisms of immune activation by IFN-α remain incompletely understood, particularly with regard to CD4(+)CD25(high)Foxp(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). Here, we show that IFN-α(More)
CD40 ligand (CD40L) is involved in the vascular infiltration of immune cells and pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Additionally, T cell CD40L release causes platelet, dendritic cell and monocyte activation in thrombosis. However, the role of CD40L in angiotensin II (ATII)-driven vascular dysfunction and hypertension remains incompletely understood. We tested(More)
IFN-a is an antineoplastic agent in the treatment of several solid and hematologic malignancies that exerts strong immune-and autoimmune-stimulating activity. However, the mechanisms of immune activation by IFN-a remain incompletely understood, particularly with regard to CD4 þ CD25 high Foxp þ regulatory T cells (Treg). Here, we show that IFN-a deactivates(More)
Background—Angiotensin II (ATII), a potent vasoconstrictor, causes hypertension, promotes infiltration of myelomono-cytic cells into the vessel wall, and stimulates both vascular and inflammatory cell NADPH oxidases. The predominant source of reactive oxygen species, eg, vascular (endothelial, smooth muscle, adventitial) versus phagocytic NADPH oxidase, and(More)
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