Melanie R. Bollnow

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Stroke is a prevalent and devastating disorder, and no treatment is currently available to restore lost neuronal function after stroke. One unique therapy that improves recovery after stroke is neutralization of the neurite inhibitory protein Nogo-A. Here, we show, in a clinically relevant model, improved functional recovery and brain reorganization in the(More)
Neuronal death due to ischemic stroke results in permanent deficits in sensory, language, and motor functions. The growth-restrictive environment of the adult central nervous system (CNS) is an obstacle to functional recovery after stroke and other CNS injuries. In this regard, Nogo-A is a potent neurite growth-inhibitory protein known to restrict neuronal(More)
To examine mechanisms responsible for sex differences in hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responsiveness to stress, we studied the role of androgens in the regulation of the adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) responses to foot shock and novelty stressors in gonadectomized (GDX) or intact male F344 rats. Foot shock or exposure to a(More)
Our work has shown that following focal ischemic lesion in adult rats, neutralization of the axon growth inhibitor Nogo-A with the monoclonal antibody (mAb) IN-1 results in functional recovery. Furthermore, new axonal connections were formed from the contralesional cortex to subcortical areas corresponding to the observed functional recovery. The present(More)
Clinical and laboratory studies have suggested that amphetamine treatment when paired with rehabilitation results in improved recovery of function after stroke or traumatic brain injury. In the present study, we investigated whether new anatomical pathways developed in association with improved motor function after brain damage and amphetamine treatment(More)
To determine the cell groups which are activated by novelty stress, we examined the induction of c-fos mRNA in brain tissues following introduction of male rats to a novel open field. Male Fischer 344 rats were placed in a brightly lit open field and allowed to roam free for 20 min. Control animals were sacrificed upon removal from their home cage. Northern(More)
Epiphyses of the proximal tibiae of 7-week-old normal and homozygous recessive brachymorphic mice (bm/bm) were immunostained using a monoclonal antibody to basic fibroblast growth factor to determine its expression in growth plate cartilage, osteoblasts on the surfaces of the primary spongiosa and articular cartilage. In the normal growth plate, the(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that exposure of female rats to ethanol in utero results in long-term deficits in reproductive function, including a delayed onset of puberty and an early onset of acyclicity. In the present studies, we determined if changes in reproduction are correlated with changes in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) mRNA(More)
Traumatic Brain Injury afflicts an estimated 1.7 million Americans every year (Coronado et al., 2012). A significant proportion of these individuals are intoxicated at the time of injury (Parry-Jones; 2006). The degree to which alcohol affects long-term functional recovery is controversial. To this end, we evaluated how a repeated binge regimen and a(More)
The myelin-associated protein Nogo-A is a well-known inhibitor of axonal regeneration and compensatory plasticity, yet functions of neuronal Nogo-A are not as clear. The present study examined the effects of decreased levels of neuronal Nogo-A on dendritic spines of developing neocortical neurons. Decreased Nogo-A levels in these neurons resulted in lowered(More)
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