Melanie Polzer

Learn More
The decision to mandate, finance, and implement a universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) requires the evaluation of its therapy-directed benefit by comparing (1) a procedure employing a UNHS with (2) a targeted screening for at-risk babies for neonatal hearing disorders and (3) a procedure without systematic screening. In a cohort study the outcome of(More)
Host invasion and tissue migration of several helminths have been linked to expression and release of parasite-derived proteinases. The plerocercoid of the cestode Proteocephalus ambloplitis can migrate into the visceral organs or, in the case of bass, from them into the intestinal tract of the same individual fish. It does this within a few hours, aided by(More)
The proteolytic activities of extracts prepared from procercoids and plerocercoids as well as adults of the pseudophyllidean cestode Schistocephalus solidus were examined using several proteins and synthetic peptides as substrates. Whole bodies of procercoids and the isolated syncytial tegument of plerocercoids and adults prepared by freeze-thaw were(More)
The proteolytic activities of homogenates prepared from the second larva (L2) and the third larva (L3) as well as the adult stage of the eel-pathogenic nematode Anguillicola crassus were examined using hemoglobin, azocoll, elastin-orcein, and keratin azure as substrates. Whole bodies of L2 larvae, the anterior third of the bodies of L3 larvae, and the(More)
In frozen sections of the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis, which is a frequent intestinal parasite of cyprinid and salmonid fishes, leucine aminopeptidase (APase) was localized histochemically in outer parts of the presomal bulbus as well as in all layers and most nuclei of the metasomal body wall. Enzyme activity visualized at pH 6.5 using(More)
Cystacanths and adults of the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis were found to release proteolytic enzymes during in vitro culture. Culture media in which cystacanths had been kept contained a trypsinlike collagenolytic proteinase exhibiting a molecular mass of 29 kDa on gelatin substrate gel electrophoresis and a pH optimum at pH 9.0. Samples of adults(More)
Transitory evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) have been recorded in 60 ears of 31 adult volunteers with nearly normal hearing at stimulus levels ranging from 83 dB SPL peak equivalent down to the individual response threshold using linear and nonlinear recording mode. The stimulus level dependence of response incidence and amplitude has been analysed for(More)
  • 1