Melanie M. Hoefer

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Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is frequent in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) and is suspected to aggravate HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). METH is a psychostimulant that compromises several neurotransmitter systems and HIV proteins trigger neuronal injury but the combined effects of viral infection and(More)
HIV-1 infection frequently causes HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) despite combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Evidence is accumulating that components of cART can themselves be neurotoxic upon long-term exposure. In addition, abuse of psychostimulants, such as methamphetamine, seems to aggravate HAND and compromise antiretroviral(More)
Background:Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are considered to play key roles in tumour growth, progression and metastasis. However, targeting tumour angiogenesis in clinical trials showed only modest efficacy. We therefore scrutinised the concept of tumour angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis by analysing the expression of crucial markers involved in these(More)
The innate immune system has been implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases, including HIV-1-associated dementia. In this study, we show that genetic ablation of CCR5 prevents microglial activation and neuronal damage in a transgenic model of HIV-associated brain injury induced by a CXCR4-using viral envelope gp120. The CCR5 knockout (KO) also(More)
Infection with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) causes brain injury. Type I interferons (IFNα/β) are critical mediators of any anti-viral immune response and IFNβ has been implicated in the temporary control of lentiviral infection in the brain. Here we show that transgenic mice expressing HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein 120 in their central nervous(More)
The use of pre- and postoperative testicular Doppler ultrasound examination in groin hernia repair is evaluated in 50 patients operated by the technique of Shouldice. The etiological differentiation between ischemic orchitis and testicular necrosis is based on the monitoring of testicular perfusion. The technique is presented in detail. Preoperatively the(More)
Between 1885 and 1991 only 71 cases of malignant pancreatic tumours in childhood and adolescence have been reported in literature; the majority of these were pancreatoblastomas. The symptoms, pathology and therapy of this rare tumour are demonstrated in the case of a 17-year-old girl. The tumour is believed to develop at an early stage of pancreatic cell(More)
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