Melanie Linda Maurer

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Ozonide OZ439 is a synthetic peroxide antimalarial drug candidate designed to provide a single-dose oral cure in humans. OZ439 has successfully completed Phase I clinical trials, where it was shown to be safe at doses up to 1,600 mg and is currently undergoing Phase IIa trials in malaria patients. Herein, we describe the discovery of OZ439 and the(More)
Conceived to combat widescale biodiversity erosion in farmland, agri-environment schemes have largely failed to deliver their promises despite massive financial support. While several common species have shown to react positively to existing measures, rare species have continued to decline in most European countries. Of particular concern is the status of(More)
According to the Hygiene Hypothesis, respiratory infections should protect individuals from allergic diseases including asthma, but epidemiologic data on the role of infections or exposure to microbial compounds in asthma are contradictory. Meanwhile, a number of murine models of airway sensitization are available facilitating the elucidation of pathways(More)
All published evidence on procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic therapy was obtained in trials where physicians knew that they were being monitored, possibly resulting in higher adherence to the PCT algorithm. This study investigates the effectiveness of PCT guidance in an observational quality control survey. We monitored antibiotic therapy and algorithm(More)
Intensive agriculture, in which detrimental farming practices lessen food abundance and/or reduce food accessibility for many animal species, has led to a widespread collapse of farmland biodiversity. Vineyards in central and southern Europe are intensively cultivated; though they may still harbour several rare plant and animal species, they remain little(More)
Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), a rare autosomal recessive chromosomal instability disorder, is caused by mutations in theNBN gene. Most patients known so far are of Slavic origin and carry the major founder mutation c.657-661del5. Due to an unexpectedly high incidence of NBS patients (homozygous for the c.657-661del5 mutation) in a Northeast Bavarian(More)
Host defence responses against invading pathogens are well-balanced, inflammatory processes of the innate and adaptive immune system. Impaired development or abnormal function of either system can result in failure to control pathogens and to clear infections. Infections have been claimed to modulate the onset and course of allergic diseases. This so-called(More)
One of the most important functions of the skin is to provide protection from infectious pathogens. This is achieved by two complex and complementary powerful strategies, namely by preventing pathogen invasion and by raising innate and/or adaptive immune responses following infection. Most pathogens cannot penetrate healthy skin, and the vast majority of(More)