Melanie L. McEwen

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Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a potent immunosuppressive drug shown to inhibit mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT). Although the therapeutic efficacy of CsA in traumatic brain injury is being investigated, CsA is highly neurotoxic and any neuroprotective effect in models of spinal cord injury (SCI) is unclear. NIM811 is a non-immunosuppressive CsA(More)
Trauma to the spinal cord causes a cascade of secondary events, such as mitochondrial dysfunction, which disrupts cellular functions and ultimately leads to cell death. Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a potent immunosuppressant that promotes mitochondrial function by inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT). Clinical trials examining CsA in traumatic(More)
Traumatic injury to the mammalian spinal cord is a highly dynamic process characterized by a complex pattern of pervasive and destructive biochemical and pathophysiological events that limit the potential for functional recovery. Currently, there are no effective therapies for the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI) and this is due, in part, to the(More)
Apoptotic cell death is a fundamental and highly regulated biological process in which a cell is instructed to participate actively in its own demise. This process of cellular suicide is activated by developmental and environmental cues and normally plays an essential role in eliminating superfluous, damaged, and senescent cells of many tissue types. In(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective efficacy of the mitochondrial uncoupler 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) in rats following a mild to moderate spinal cord contusion injury. Animals received intraperitoneal injections of vehicle (DMSO) or 5 mg/mL of DNP prior to injury. Twenty-four hours following surgery, mitochondrial(More)
In Experiment 1, rats of 5, 10, 15, and 20 days of age were injected with L-DOPA to elicit stepping and videotaped while suspended in air and in warm water. Inter- and intralimb coordination were similar for L-DOPA-induced air-stepping and swimming at all ages. Other parameters of locomotion, such as step length and step rate, varied by substrate. In(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) initiates a cascade of biochemical changes that results in necrotic and apoptotic cell death. There is evidence that caspase-3 activation and apoptotic cell death occur within hours after SCI. However, the time course and cellular localization of activated caspase-3 has not been examined. Such information is essential because(More)
Neu2000 [2-hydroxy-5-(2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4 trifluoromethylbenzylamino) benzoic acid] is a dual-acting neuroprotective agent that functions both as a noncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist and a free radical scavenger. In the present study, we investigated the scavenging activity of Neu2000 on various classes of reactive oxygen(More)
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) causes marked neuropathological changes in the spinal cord, resulting in limited functional recovery. Currently, there are no effective treatments, and the mechanisms underlying these neuropathological changes are not completely understood. In this study, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry(More)
1. This study describes the use of an oligodendroglial cell line (158N) to study the protective effects of X-chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) overexpression. 2. 158N cells were transiently transfected with either pCMV-Myc-XIAP or control pCMV-Myc vector. At 48 h post-transfection, immunoblotting and immunocytochemical staining showed robust(More)