Melanie L. Mastronardi

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Size-selective precipitation was used to successfully separate colloidally stable allylbenzene-capped silicon nanocrystals into several visible emitting monodisperse fractions traversing the quantum size effect range of 1-5 nm. This enabled the measurement of the absolute quantum yield and lifetime of photoluminescence of allylbenzene-capped silicon(More)
We report the preparation of monodisperse silicon nanocrystals (ncSi) by size-separation of polydisperse alkyl-capped ncSi using organic density gradient ultracentrifugation. The ncSi were synthesized by thermal processing of trichlorosilane-derived sol-gel glasses followed by HF etching and surface passivation with alkyl chains and were subsequently(More)
The size-dependence of the absolute luminescence quantum yield of size-separated silicon nanocrystals reveals a "volcano" behavior, which switches on around 5 nm, peaks at near 3.7-3.9 nm, and decreases thereafter. These three regions respectively define: i) the transition from bulk to strongly quantum confined emissive silicon, ii) increasing confinement(More)
Nanomaterials are becoming increasingly widespread in consumer technologies, but there is global concern about the toxicity of nanomaterials to humans and the environment as they move rapidly from the research laboratory to the market place. With this in mind, it makes sense to intensify the nanochemistry community's global research effort on the synthesis(More)
Here we describe for the first time the synthesis of colloidally stable, brightly luminescent perfluorodecyl-capped silicon nanocrystals and compare the properties of solutions and films made from them with those of their perhydrodecyl-capped relatives. The perfluorodecyl capping group compared to the perhydrodecyl capping group yields superior(More)
Specific size, shape and surface chemistry influence the biological activity of nanoparticles. In the case of lipophilic nanoparticles, which are widely used in consumer products, there is evidence that particle size and formulation influences skin permeability and that lipophilic particles smaller than 6 nm can embed in lipid bilayers. Since most(More)
The synthesis of highly luminescent, colloidally-stable and organically-capped silicon nanocrystals (ncSi) and their incorporation into a visible wavelength organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is reported. By substituting decyl chains with aromatic allylbenzene capping ligands and size-selecting visible emitting ncSi, superior packing density, enhanced(More)
The role of ethylene in promoting metathesis of acetylenic enynes is probed within the context of ring-closing enyne metathesis, using first- and second-generation Grubbs catalysts. Under inert atmosphere, rapid catalyst deactivation is observed by calibrated GC-FID analysis for substrates with minimal propargylic bulk. MALDI-TOF mass spectra reveal a(More)
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