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Research on coping during childhood and adolescence is distinguished by its focus on how children deal with actual stressors in real-life contexts. Despite burgeoning literatures within age groups, studies on developmental differences and changes have proven difficult to integrate. Two recent advances promise progress toward a developmental framework.(More)
We conducted a review and meta-analyses of 24 studies to evaluate and compare the outcomes of two widely disseminated parenting interventions-Parent-Child Interaction Therapy and Triple P-Positive Parenting Program. Participants in all studies were caregivers and 3- to 12-year-old children. In general, our analyses revealed positive effects of both(More)
Research on individual differences demonstrates that children's perceived control exerts a strong effect on their academic achievement and that, in turn, children's actual school performance influences their sense of control. At the same time, developmental research shows systematic age-graded changes in the processes that children use to regulate and(More)
Attention and interpretation biases for threat stimuli were assessed in 19 anxious (ANX) children before and after cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and compared with responses from 19 non-anxious (NA) control children collected over the same period. Attentional bias was assessed using a picture version of the visual probe task with threat, neutral and(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the influence of implementing the Oregon statewide trauma system on admission distribution and risk of death. DESIGN Retrospective pre- and posttrauma system analyses of hospital discharge data regarding injured patients with one or more of the following injuries: head, chest, spleen/liver, pelvic fracture, and femur/tibia fracture. (More)
A retrospective, observational study of 3073 low income African American, Latina, and White women receiving comprehensive prenatal care at 26 provider sites was completed. The purpose of the study was to test three hypotheses. First, after adjustment for biomedical complications, the presence of maternal behavioral and psychosocial factors would be(More)
Theories and empirical studies of adolescent sexual behavior have identified the contributions of personal attributes and social experiences; however, it is rare that models have clarified developmental pathways to adolescent sexual behavior that include (1) factors assessed prior to and early in adolescence and (2) dyadic experiences in adolescence that(More)
The Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act of 1988 (CLIA '88) mandates strict, new quality-control measures for laboratories that interpret cervical cytology smears. Proposed regulations include proficiency testing of cytotechnologists and remediation for technologists and laboratories that fail to meet proposed proficiency standards. Proponents of the new(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a complaint of visible rectal bleeding that is elicited by a screening review of systems merits investigation and to assess the accuracy of a defined protocol to evaluate bleeding. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Primary care clinics in a veterans medical center. PATIENTS We used an 8-item review of systems to(More)
AIM AND OBJECTIVES This Australian study evaluated the effectiveness of a solution-focused education intervention in extending and improving emergency nursing responses to patients who present because of self-injury. BACKGROUND Emergency nurses commonly report lack of training and feeling unskilled in managing people who present because of self-harm. Most(More)