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GABA(B) receptors are unique among G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in their requirement for heterodimerization between two homologous subunits, GABA(B1) and GABA(B2), for functional expression. Whereas GABA(B1) is capable of binding receptor agonists and antagonists, the role of each GABA(B) subunit in receptor signaling is unknown. Here we identified(More)
The recent cloning of two GABA(B) receptor subunits, GABA(B1) and GABA(B2), has raised the possibility that differences in GABA(B) receptor subunit composition may give rise to pharmacologically or functionally distinct receptors. If present, such molecular diversity could permit the selective targeting of GABA(B) receptor subtypes specifically involved in(More)
GABA(B) receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors that mediate the slow and prolonged synaptic actions of GABA in the CNS via the modulation of ion channels. Unusually, GABA(B) receptors form functional heterodimers composed of GABA(B1) and GABA(B2) subunits. The GABA(B1) subunit is essential for ligand binding, whereas the GABA(B2) subunit is essential for(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR1alpha in membranes isolated both from rat brain and from cell lines transfected with cDNA coding for the receptor migrates as a disulphide-bonded dimer on sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gels. Dimerization of mGluR1alpha takes place in the endoplasmic reticulum because it is not prevented by exposing(More)
GABA(B) receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors that mediate slow synaptic inhibition in the brain and spinal cord. These receptors are heterodimers assembled from GABA(B1) and GABA(B2) subunits, neither of which is capable of producing functional GABA(B) receptors on homomeric expression. GABA(B1,) although able to bind GABA, is retained within the(More)
In a putative model of acute phencyclidine (PCP)-induced psychosis we evaluated effects of the drug on locomotor activity (LMA) and immediate early gene (IEG) induction in the rat using two routes of drug administration, intraperitoneal (i.p.) and subcutaneous (s.c.). Adult male rats received saline or PCP (1.0-5.0 mg/kg) either i.p or s.c. and were(More)
Orphan transporters form a growing subfamily of genes related by sequence similarity to the Na+/Cl- -dependent neurotransmitter superfamily. Using a combination of database similarity searching and cloning methods, we have identified and characterized two novel human orphan transporter genes, v7-3 and NTT5. Similar to other known orphan transporters, v7-3(More)
The mechanism of action of standard drug treatments for psychiatric disorders remains fundamentally unknown, despite intensive investigation in academia and the pharmaceutical industry. So far, little is known about the effects of psychotropic medications on brain metabolism in either humans or animals. In this study, we investigated the effects of a range(More)
Using a homology-based bioinformatics approach we have analysed human genomic sequence and identified the human and rodent orthologues of a novel putative seven transmembrane G protein coupled receptor, termed GABA(BL). The amino acid sequence homology of these cDNAs compared to GABA(B1) and GABA(B2) led us to postulate that GABA(BL) was a putative novel(More)
Recently a novel subfamily of closely related orphan G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) was identified, called GPRC5A, GPRC5B, GPRC5C and GPRC5D. Based on sequence homology, these receptors were classified as family C GPCRs, which include metabotropic GABA(B) receptors, metabotropic glutamate receptors, the calcium sensing receptor and a number of(More)