Melanie J Mackean

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PURPOSE Capecitabine is an orally administered fluoropyrimidine carbamate selectively activated to fluorouracil (5-FU) in tumors. It passes through the intestinal mucosal membrane intact and is subsequently activated by a cascade of three enzymes that results in the preferential release of 5-FU at the tumor site. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this phase I(More)
Experimental evidence from several sources has identified a link between mismatch repair deficiency and cytotoxic drug resistance. Selection for cisplatin resistance in the human ovarian cancer cell line A2780, results in loss of expression of the mismatch repair protein hMLH1 in most (90%) of the resultant cisplatin-resistant cell lines. Here we(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of the aromatase inhibitor letrozole in preselected estrogen receptor (ER)-positive relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer patients and to identify markers that predict endocrine-sensitive disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This was a phase II study of letrozole 2.5 mg daily until clinical or marker evidence of disease progression(More)
We report the final results of a prospectively randomized study that compared the combination of epirubicin, cisplatin and protracted venous infusion fluorouracil (5-FU) (ECF regimen) with the standard combination of 5-FU, doxorubicin and methotrexate (FAMTX) in previously untreated patients with advanced oesophagogastric cancer. Between 1992 and 1995, 274(More)
PURPOSE Loss of function or expression of the mismatch repair protein MLH1 and the tumor suppressor protein p53 have been implicated in acquired resistance to anticancer drugs. We have compared the expression of MLH1 and p53 in tumors from women with clinically node-positive breast cancer before and after primary (neoadjuvant) chemotherapy. Further, we have(More)
We have used a relatively new trial methodology, the group sequential design, to prospectively evaluate two dose levels of bolus/infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and folinic acid in 192 consecutive-patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma. On day 1, all patients received 200 mg m(-2) of folinic acid infusion over 2 h. Cohort A (n = 102 patients) received(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous laboratory and clinical data suggested that one mechanism underlying the development of platinum resistance in ovarian cancer is the acquisition of DNA methylation. We therefore tested the hypothesis that the DNA hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytodine (decitabine) can reverse resistance to carboplatin in women with relapsed(More)
PURPOSE To compare the frequency of visceral relapse of BRCA1/2-deficient ovarian cancer to that of nonhereditary controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients diagnosed in Scotland with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) or primary peritoneal cancer (PPC) and a germline BRCA1/2 mutation were identified. Those with previous malignancy were excluded. Each(More)
BACKGROUND Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) continues to have a poor prognosis, with a 2-year survival of < 20%. Studies have suggested that SCLC may affect the immune system to allow it to evade immunologic responses. We hypothesized that any such effect would be characterized by a decrease in the lymphoid cells associated with the tumor in biopsy(More)