Melanie H. Prescott

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Mice receiving a single intraperitoneal injection of Lactobacillus casei cell wall fragments in aqueous suspension develop an asymmetric inflammatory coronary arteritis which histologically mimics the lesions seen in the coronary arteritis of children with Kawasaki's disease. A large variety of mice with genetically determined defects of the immune system(More)
Gonadal steroid hormone feedback is impaired in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a common endocrine disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism and an associated increase in LH pulse frequency. Using a prenatal androgen (PNA)-treated mouse model of PCOS, we aimed to investigate negative and positive feedback effects of estrogens on the(More)
Proteinase Ak.1 was produced during the stationary phase of Bacillus sp. Ak.1 cultures. It is a serine proteinase with a pI of 4.0, and the molecular mass was estimated to be 36.9 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The enzyme was stable at 60 and 70 degrees C, with half-lives of 13 h and 19 min at 80 and 90 degrees(More)
The Thermus isolate Rt4A2 was found to produce an extracellular chelator-resistant proteinase. The proteinase was purified to homogeneity by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, cation-exchange chromatography, gel-filtration chromatography, and weak anion-exchange chromatography. The Rt4A2 proteinase was found to have properties typical of an alkaline serine(More)
Phenyl-Sepharose is most often used as an adsorbent for hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC). We report on its effective use for the affinity purification of some extracellular thermostable proteinases from bacterial sources. Proteinases belonging to the serine, aspartate and metallo mechanistic classes were effectively retained by the media.(More)
GnRH neuron activity is dependent on gonadal steroid hormone feedback. Altered synaptic input may be one mechanism by which steroids modify GnRH neuron activity. In other neuronal populations, steroid hormones have been shown to elicit profound effects on dendritic spine density, a measure of excitatory synaptic input. The present study examined gonadal(More)
The interaction of blood leukocytes with the endothelium of post-capillary venules and other vessels involves regulated expression of molecules on both the endothelial cell (EC) and the leukocyte. This is true for each of the major classes of leukocytes, including lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes. Interaction of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs),(More)
An acid proteinase, Wai 21a, produced by a thermophilic Bacillus species (strain Wai 21a) has been purified to homogeneity by cation-exchange chromatography, phenyl-Sepharose chromatography and anion-exchange chromatography. A pI of 3.8 was determined by isoelectric focussing. The protein contained some associated carbohydrate (20 mol hexose equiv/mol(More)
During embryonic development, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurones make an extraordinary migration out of the nose and into the brain where, in adulthood, they drive the pituitary regulation of gonadal function and fertility. Primary cilia are antennae-like, immotile organelles that project from the surface of nearly all cells, including GnRH(More)