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Neuropilin-2 (NRP2) is well known as a co-receptor for class 3 semaphorins and vascular endothelial growth factors, involved in axon guidance and angiogenesis. Moreover, NRP2 was shown to promote chemotactic migration of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) toward the chemokine CCL21, a function that relies on the presence of polysialic acid(More)
Bacteriophages infecting the neuroinvasive pathogen Escherichia coli K1 require an endosialidase to penetrate the polysialic acid capsule of the host. Sequence information is available for the endosialidases endoNE, endoNF, and endoN63D of the K1-specific phages phi K1E, phi K1F, and 63D, respectively. The cloned sequences share a highly conserved catalytic(More)
Endosialidases (endoNs), as identified so far, are tailspike proteins of bacteriophages that specifically bind and degrade the alpha2,8-linked polysialic acid (polySia) capsules of their hosts. The crystal structure solved for the catalytic domain of endoN from coliphage K1F (endoNF) revealed a functional trimer. Folding of the catalytic trimer is mediated(More)
Sialic acids, terminal sugars of glycoproteins and glycolipids, play important roles in development, cellular recognition processes and host-pathogen interactions. A common modification of sialic acids is 9-O-acetylation, which has been implicated in sialoglycan recognition, ganglioside biology, and the survival and drug resistance of acute lymphoblastic(More)
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