Melanie Grandits

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IgM antibodies are an important player of the human's innate defense mechanisms and increasingly have gained interest as therapeutics. Although the expression of IgM antibodies in mammalian cell culture is established, this approach remains costly and alternative methods have not been developed yet. Plants have a proven record for the production of(More)
By directly affecting structure, dynamics and interaction networks of their targets, post-translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins play a key role in different cellular processes ranging from enzymatic activation to regulation of signal transduction to cell-cycle control. Despite the great importance of understanding how PTMs affect proteins at the(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2 ) is an interesting protein involved in inflammatory processes and various diseases. Its catalytic mechanism as well as its substrate specificity for arachidonyl phospholipids is not typical for other phospolipases. Furthermore, a lid structure, which ensures a hydrophilic surface of the protein without any substrate bound(More)
We report the chemo-enzymatic synthesis of three cellobiono-1,5-lactone azido derivatives, designed as building blocks for biomedical polymer scaffolds. The synthesis is based on regioselective protection of cellobiose or 1,6-O-anhydro-β-d-cellobiose before azidation and subsequent deprotection. The oxidation to the corresponding cellobiono-1,5-lactones was(More)
Auxin-binding protein 1 (ABP1) is suggested to be an auxin receptor which plays an important role in several processes in green plants. Maize ABP1 was simulated with the natural auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and the synthetic analog naphthalen-1-acetic acid (NAA), to elucidate the role of the KDEL sequence and the helix at the C-terminus. The KDEL(More)
Ram2 from Pediococcus acidilactici is a rhamnosidase from the glycoside hydrolase family 78. It shows remarkable selectivity for rutinose rather than para-nitrophenyl-alpha-l-rhamnopyranoside (p-NPR). Molecular dynamics simulations were performed using a homology model of this enzyme, in complex with both substrates. Free energy calculations lead to(More)
The bile salt export pump (BSEP) actively transports conjugated monovalent bile acids from the hepatocytes into the bile. This facilitates the formation of micelles and promotes digestion and absorption of dietary fat. Inhibition of BSEP leads to decreased bile flow and accumulation of cytotoxic bile salts in the liver. A number of compounds have been(More)
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