Melanie Chow

Learn More
Low lethality treatment of the NIH 3T3 mouse cell line with methotrexate (MTX) during exponential multiplication results in heterogeneous, heritable reduction in growth rate of most if not all the replicatively surviving cells. The effective concentrations of MTX are 10 to 100 times higher in molecular, cellular and developmental biology medium 402 (MCDB(More)
Recent clonal studies of spontaneous neoplastic transformation in cell culture indicate that it develops at confluence in a small minority of individual clonal populations before it does in the uncloned parental culture. Either preferential selection of spontaneous variants or genetic destabilization in clones can be inferred to explain the result. In the(More)
The feasibility of creating a s.c. depot for sustained protein delivery with the goal of enhancing antigen immunogenicity was investigated. The depot was designed as antigen-laden liposomes of hydrogenated egg phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (1:1 molar ratio) encapsulated in alginate-poly(L-lysine) microcapsules and evaluated using iodinated bovine(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a serious complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, and donor T cells are indispensable for GVHD. Current therapies have limited efficacy, selectivity, and high toxicities. We used a novel flow cytometry technique for the analysis of intracellular phosphorylation events in single cells in murine BMT models(More)
  • M Chow, H Rubin
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1999
A comparison was made of the competence for neoplastic transformation in three different sublines of NIH 3T3 cells and multiple clonal derivatives of each. Over 90% of the neoplastic foci produced by an uncloned transformed (t-SA') subline on a confluent background of nontransformed cells were of the dense, multilayered type, but about half of the t-SA'(More)
  • M Chow, H Rubin
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1996
Prolonged incubation of NIH 3T3 cells under the growth constraint of confluence results in a persistent impairment of proliferation when the cells are subcultured at low density and a greatly increased probability of neoplastic transformation in assays for transformation. These properties, along with the large accumulation of age pigment bodies in the(More)
Prolonged incubation of NIH 3T3 cells under the growth constraint of confluence results in the death of some cells in a manner suggestive of apoptosis. Successive rounds of prolonged incubation at confluence of the surviving cells produce increasing neoplastic transformation in the form of increments in saturation density and transformed focus formation.(More)
Lipid vesicles, e.g. liposomes, generally release their contents in a continuous manner. However, when these vesicles are entrapped in Ca-alginate and coated with poly(L-lysine), they release their contents in an unusual fashion, in 'bursts'. Molecular-level studies indicated that lipid-alginate interactions are responsible for changes in the barrier(More)
Early passages of NIH 3T3 cells yield about 10 transformed foci for every 10(5) cells seeded after the cells multiply to confluence in a standardized 2-week assay. The question arose whether more cells would give rise to foci if given more time for their development. This question could not be answered simply by extending the incubation period, since the(More)
Three major characteristics of aging in animals are a slowdown of cell proliferation, an increase in residual bodies associated with age pigments, and a marked increase in the likelihood of neoplastic transformation. The 28 L subline of the NIH 3T3 line of mouse embryo fibroblasts exhibits all these characteristics when held at confluence for extended(More)