Melanie A. McDowell

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The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway is one of two general protein transport systems found in the prokaryotic cytoplasmic membrane and is conserved in the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts. The defining, and highly unusual, property of the Tat pathway is that it transports folded proteins, a task that must be achieved without allowing(More)
We previously demonstrated that the macrophage cell lines RAW 264.7 and WEHI-3 exhibit distinct patterns of gene expression in response to IFN-gamma. This difference is controlled at the transcriptional level and results from a specific inability of the less mature WEHI-3 cells to utilize either the IFN-stimulated response element or the gamma-activated(More)
To fulfill complex biological tasks, such as locomotion and protein translocation, bacteria assemble macromolecular nanomachines. One such nanodevice, the type III secretion system (T3SS), has evolved to provide a means of transporting proteins from the bacterial cytoplasm across the periplasmic and extracellular spaces. T3SS can be broadly classified into(More)
We are interested in understanding the molecular basis of macrophage (Mphi) differentiation and activation by cytokines. Recent reports have suggested that the transcription factor STAT5 may play a role in Mphi differentiation. In the experiments described here, we assessed the expression of STAT5-related molecules in three Mphi cell lines, RAW 264.7,(More)
MxiG is a single-pass membrane protein that oligomerizes within the inner membrane ring of the Shigella flexneri type III secretion system (T3SS). The MxiG N-terminal domain (MxiG-N) is the predominant cytoplasmic structure; however, its role in T3SS assembly and secretion is largely uncharacterized. We have determined the solution structure of MxiG-N(More)
Natural transformation is the widespread biological process by which "competent" bacteria take up free DNA, incorporate it into their genomes, and become genetically altered or "transformed". To curb often deleterious transformation by foreign DNA, several competent species preferentially take up their own DNA that contains specific DUS (DNA uptake(More)
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