Melania Albani

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BACKGROUND It is common experience that retreating patients too early after a course of intensive chemotherapy predisposes to opportunistic infections despite apparently normal lymphocyte levels. OBJECTIVES The extent of replication of persistent viruses that cause no obvious disease (and hence need no treatment) might better define when a patient has(More)
Active infection with torquetenovirus (TTV) has been associated with an increased severity of diseases in which inflammation plays a particularly important pathogenetic role. Here, we report that cloned DNA of a genogroup 4 TTV (ViPiSAL) is an activator of proinflammatory cytokine production by murine spleen cells and that the effect is mediated via(More)
Alterations of B cell subpopulations have been described up to date as characterizing advanced stage of HIV-1 infection. However, whether such defects are relevant in subjects with a preserved number of CD4⁺ T cells (>350 cells/μL) is unclear. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated if signs of B cells exhaustion and impaired viral immune surveillance(More)
In order to elucidate the functional role of the modified uridines at position 54 of tRNA, the 270 MHz high-field proton NMR spectra of methionine tRNAs from E. coli, from a mutant thereof, and from T. thermophilus, containing ribothymidine, uridine and 2-thioribothymidine, respectively, have been measured as a function of temperature. A comparison of the(More)
tRNAPhe and tRNALys were isolated from an Escherichia coli K12 mutant deficient in ribosylthymine (rT) and from the wild-type strain. The sequence G-rT-psi-C which is common to loop IV of practically all tRNAs used in the elongation cycle of protein synthesis reads G-U-psi-C in the tRNAs of the mutant strain. The purified tRNAs were compared in various(More)
Many aspects of the life cycle of torquetenoviruses (TTVs) are essentially unexplored. In particular, it is still a matter of speculation which cell type(s) replicates the viruses and maintains the generally high viral loads found in the blood of infected hosts. In this study, we sequentially measured the TTV loads in the plasma of four TTV-positive(More)
The uridine-5-0-derivatives, 5-methoxyuridine (mo5U) and uridine-5-oxyacetic acid (cmo5U) occupy the first position of anticondons in certain tRNA species of B. subtilis and E. coli, respectively. Here we present experimental evidence showing that both modifications are derived from a common precursor, 5-hydroxyuridine. Incompletely modified tRNASer and(More)
Plasma loads of torque teno virus (TTV) among individuals differ extensively beginning early in life, suggesting a role for innate immunity. Here, congenital mannose-binding lectin deficiencies, but not deficiencies in respiratory ciliary function, correlated with increased TTV loads. Notably, however, the presence of either disorder was associated with(More)
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