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Context-sensing for context-aware HCI challenges the traditional sensor fusion methods with dynamic sensor configuration and measurement requirements commensurate with human perception. The Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence has uncertainty management and inference mechanisms analogous to our human reasoning process. Our Sensor Fusion for Context-aware(More)
—The sound of a working vehicle provides an important clue to the vehicle type. In this paper, we introduce the " eigenfaces method, " originally used in human face recognition, to model the sound frequency distribution features. We show that it can be a simple and reliable acoustic identification method if the training samples can be properly chosen and(More)
—In the " coin tap test, " an operator taps with a coin-like light tool on the structure to be inspected, feeling the subtle difference of impact force and hearing the resulting sound to discriminate defective regions from normal ones. The test remains largely subjective, and there has been considerable uncertainty about the physical principles behind it.(More)
– A low-cost " artificial nose " is required to monitor incontinence of elderly patients in nursing homes. With the aim of identifying a small array of inexpensive sensors whose response vector could provide an unambiguous signature at a useful sensitivity level, we characterized the sensitivity of seven easily available solid-state sensors to fecal(More)
We present a novel device mounted on the fingertip for acquiring and transmitting visual information through haptic channels. In contrast to previous systems in which the user interrogates an intermediate representation of visual information, such as a tactile display representing a camera generated image, our device uses a fingertip-mounted camera and(More)
We present a novel and relatively simple method for magnifying forces perceived by an operator using a tool. A sensor measures the force between the tip of a tool and its handle held by the operator's fingers. These measurements are used to create a proportionally greater force between the handle and a brace attached to the operator's hand, providing an(More)
The concept and instantiation of real-time tomographic holography (RTTH) for augmented reality is presented. RTTH enables natural hand-eye coordination to guide invasive medical procedures without requiring tracking or a head-mounted device. It places a real-time virtual image of an object's cross section into its actual location, without noticeable(More)