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Senescence is a form of cell-cycle arrest linked to tumor suppression and aging. However, it remains controversial and has not been documented in nonpathologic states. Here we describe senescence as a normal developmental mechanism found throughout the embryo, including the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) and the neural roof plate, two signaling centers in(More)
Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACD/MPV) is a rare, neonatally lethal developmental disorder of the lung with defining histologic abnormalities typically associated with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). Using array CGH analysis, we have identified six overlapping microdeletions encompassing the FOX transcription factor(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital malformations involving the Müllerian ducts are observed in around 5% of infertile women. Complete aplasia of the uterus, cervix, and upper vagina, also termed Müllerian aplasia or Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, occurs with an incidence of around 1 in 4500 female births, and occurs in both isolated and syndromic forms.(More)
Altered stem cell homeostasis is linked to organismal aging. However, the mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. Here we report novel alterations in hair follicle stem cells during skin aging, including increased numbers, decreased function, and an inability to tolerate stress. Performing high-throughput RNA sequencing on aging stem cells, cytokine(More)
Adult mammals have lost multi-tissue regenerative capacity, except for the distal digit, which is able to regenerate via mechanisms that remain largely unknown. Here, we show that, after adult mouse distal digit removal, nerve-associated Schwann cell precursors (SCPs) dedifferentiate and secrete growth factors that promote expansion of the blastema and(More)
Cellular senescence is an irreversible form of cell cycle arrest that has been linked to several pathological conditions. In particular, senescence can function as a tumor suppressor mechanism, but is also thought to contribute to organismal aging. Paradoxically however, through the secretion of various factors, collectively termed the senescence-associated(More)
Senescence is a form of cell cycle arrest induced by stress such as DNA damage and oncogenes. However, while arrested, senescent cells secrete a variety of proteins collectively known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which can reinforce the arrest and induce senescence in a paracrine manner. However, the SASP has also been shown to(More)
Senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SAβ-gal) is a convenient histological technique used to identify senescent cells. Its ease of use is helpful to initially screen and detect senescent cells in heterogeneous cell populations both in vitro and in vivo. However, SAβ-gal staining is not an unequivocal marker of the senescent state, and diagnosis of such(More)
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