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In a recent study (Tafet, Toister-Achituv, & Shinitzky, 2001), we demonstrated that cortisol induces an increase in the expression of the gene coding for the serotonin transporter, associated with a subsequent elevation in the uptake of serotonin. This stimulatory effect, produced upon incubation with cortisol in vitro, was observed in peripheral blood(More)
Stress and depression are characterized by elevation of circulating cortisol, as well as by changes in physiological functions. In this study, we addressed the possibility that elevated cortisol is also associated with the origin and development of depression. We report here that cortisol at the nM-microM concentration range induces a substantial increase(More)
When pH-sensitive molecules are incorporated into liposomes, drugs can be specifically released from these vesicles by a change of pH in the ambient serum. Liposomes containing the pH-sensitive lipid palmitoyl homocysteine (PHC) were constructed so that the greatest pH differential (6.0 to 7.4) of drug release was obtained near physiological temperature.(More)
Membrane microviscosity, serum cholesterol and lymphocyte stimulation in man were examined in relation to aging. A direct correlation was found between the mole ratio of cholesterol to phospholipids in the serum and the membrane microviscosity of the peripheral blood lymphocyte membranes, both of which increase progressively with age. The increase in(More)
Mirror-image asymmetric molecules, i.e., chiral isomers or enantiomers, are classically considered as chemically identical. Recent studies, however, have indicated that parity violation by the nuclear weak force induces a tiny energy difference between chiral isomers. Upon combination with a massive amplification process, expansion of this difference to a(More)
In previous studies, we have demonstrated that application of high hydrostatic pressure (P) to tumor cells in the presence of a slow-reacting membrane-impermeable cross-linker (CL), 2'-3'-adenosine dialdehyde, can rearrange cell surface proteins into immunogenic clusters. Here, we present evidence indicating that subsequent reduction of surface protein(More)