Meir H. Kryger

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The 1968 Rechtschaffen and Kales (R & K) sleep scoring manual was published 15 years after REM sleep was discovered. Advances in the ensuing 28 years warranted a re-look at visual scoring of sleep stages. This paper describes the work of the AASM Visual Scoring Task Force, including methodology, a literature review and the rationale behind the new rules.(More)
Although obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been studied in detail for over a decade, the mortality of this disorder is unclear. We calculated cumulative survival in 385 male OSA patients. We found that those with an apnea index (AI) greater than 20 had a much greater mortality than those with AI = less than 20. The probability of cumulative eight-year(More)
Seventy-five patients meeting international diagnostic criteria for narcolepsy enrolled in a 6-week, three-period, randomized, crossover, placebo-controlled trial. Patients received placebo, modafinil 200 mg, or modafinil 400 mg in divided doses (morning and noon). Evaluations occurred at baseline and at the end of each 2-week period. Compared with placebo,(More)
This review summarizes the recent literature on the epidemiology of adult obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) from various population-based studies. Despite methodologic differences, comparisons have yielded similar prevalence rates of the OSA syndrome in various geographic regions and amongst a number of ethnic groups. Risk factors for OSA including obesity,(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a term often used to describe two related conditions: a relatively benign, nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and potentially aggressive, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Both conditions (NAFL and NASH) occur in the setting of peripheral insulin resistance. Recently, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been(More)
The importance of nasal airflow resistance in the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) remains contentious. We performed formal nocturnal polysomnography (PSG) on OSAS patients under conditions of baseline and reduced nasal resistance to answer two main questions. First, to what degree does baseline nasal airflow resistance influence(More)
Sleep-related disorders are most prevalent in the older adult population. A high prevalence of medical and psychosocial comorbidities and the frequent use of multiple medications, rather than aging per se, are major reasons for this. A major concern, often underappreciated and underaddressed by clinicians, is the strong bidirectional relationship between(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) results from recurrent episodes of breathing cessation during sleep. Epidemiologic studies have shown that OSAS is more prevalent in men than women (4% vs 2%). Previous studies have explored gender-related differences in upper airway anatomy and function, hormone physiology, and polysomnographic(More)
Anecdotal reports suggest that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients may suffer from frequent nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and that nasal continuous positive airway pressure may be an effective form of antireflux therapy in this population. To confirm these clinical impressions, we performed two consecutive days of 24-h esophageal pH(More)
Sleep disturbance among uremic patients is reported to be high, but data on the actual prevalence, clinical significance, and causative factors is limited. A sleep questionnaire was distributed to an entire hemodialysis unit of 64 patients. Of the 54 patients who completed the survey, 83.3% had sleep-wake complaints. Disturbed sleep was reported by 28(More)