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Both the transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta)/Smad and the prolactin/JAK/STAT pathway are critical to the proper development, maintenance, and function of the mammary epithelial tissue. Interestingly, opposing physiological effects between these two signaling pathways are prominent in the regulation of mammary gland development. However, the exact(More)
TGF-β plays an important role in breast cancer progression as a prometastatic factor, notably through enhancement of cell migration. It is becoming clear that microRNAs, a new class of small regulatory molecules, also play crucial roles in mediating tumor formation and progression. We found TGF-β to down-regulate the expression of the microRNA miR-584 in(More)
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), an aggressive subtype of breast cancer, display poor prognosis and exhibit resistance to conventional therapies, partly due to an enrichment in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Here, we investigated the role of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a downstream target of TGFβ, in regulating BCSCs in TNBC. Bioinformatics(More)
Deregulation of the cell cycle machinery is often found in human cancers. Modulations in the cell cycle regulator function and expression result not only in proliferative advantages, but also lead to tumor progression and invasiveness of the cancer. In particular, cyclin D1 and p21 are often over-expressed in human cancers, correlating with high tumor(More)
Tumor cell migration and invasion are critical initiation steps in the process of breast cancer metastasis, the primary cause of breast cancer morbidity and death. Here we investigated the role of p21Cip1 (p21), a member of the core cell cycle machinery, in transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ)-mediated breast cancer cell migration and invasion. A mammary(More)
This study helps to define the implications of breast cancer anti-estrogen resistance 3 (BCAR3) in breast cancer and extends the current understanding of its molecular mechanism of action. BCAR3 has been shown to promote cell proliferation, migration and attachment to extracellular matrix components. However, in a cohort of metastatic breast cancer patients(More)
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is a key regulatory molecule with pleiotropic effects on cell growth, migration, and invasion. As a result, impairment of proper TGF-β signaling is central to tumorigenesis and metastasis. The TGF-β receptor V (TGFBRV or LRP1) has been shown to be responsible for TGF-β-mediated cell growth inhibition in Chinese hamster(More)
Triple negative breast cancers exhibit very aggressive features and poor patient outcomes. These tumors are enriched in cancer stem cells and exhibit resistance to most treatments and chemotherapy. In this study, we found the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK4) to act as a cancer stem cell regulator and novel prognostic marker in triple negative breast cancers.(More)
The invasive and metastatic phenotypes of breast cancer correlate with high recurrence rates and poor survival outcomes. Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) promotes tumor progression and metastasis in aggressive breast cancer. Here, we identified the kisspeptin KiSS1 as a downstream target of canonical TGFβ/Smad2 pathway in triple negative breast cancer(More)
Erratum After publication of this work [1] an error was noticed in Fig. 3b. The tubulin Western blot control was accidentally used for both SCP2 and SCP25 cells. The corrected figure is shown below. We apologize for this error, which did not affect any of the interpretations or conclusions of the article. References 1. Dai M, et al. A novel function for(More)
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