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AIMS To assess whether low response to clopidogrel influences cardiovascular outcome after coronary stent implantation in a consecutively measured cohort of patients with coronary stent implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 379 consecutive patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD), (stable angina n = 206 and acute coronary syndrome, n(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet/endothelium interaction plays an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammation and atherosclerosis. The role of platelets for monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion and surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on endothelial cells has been assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS Monolayers of human(More)
Coronary atherosclerosis is the primary cause of heart diseases in industrialized nations. It has now become clear that coronary atherosclerosis is not simply an inevitable consequence of aging but rather a chronic inflammatory process that can be converted into an acute clinical event by plaque rupture and arterial thrombosis. It is well recognized that(More)
Platelet adhesion and aggregation at sites of vascular injury is crucial for hemostasis but may lead to arterial occlusion in the setting of atherosclerosis and precipitate diseases such as myocardial infarction. A current hypothesis suggests that platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib interaction with von Willebrand factor recruits flowing platelets to the injured(More)
The homing and differentiation mechanisms of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) at sites of vascular lesions are unclear. To investigate whether platelets play a role in the recruitment and differentiation of EPCs, we made use of a robust mouse embryonic EPC (eEPC) line that reliably differentiates to a mature endothelial phenotype. We found that platelets(More)
Impaired platelet function and a bleeding tendency are well-recognized complications of chronic renal failure. Because the fibrinogen receptor GPIIb-IIIa plays a central role in platelet aggregation and adhesion to the subendothelium, it was reasoned that a defect in this receptor may underlie the impaired platelet function in uremia. To test this(More)
Recruitment of human CD34+ progenitor cells toward vascular lesions and differentiation into vascular cells has been regarded as a critical initial step in atherosclerosis. Previously we found that adherent platelets represent potential mediators of progenitor cell homing besides their role in thrombus formation. On the other hand, foam cell formation(More)
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel decreases the rate of stent thrombosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, despite intensified antiplatelet treatment, up to 4.7% of the patients undergoing coronary stenting develop thrombotic stent occlusion, suggesting incomplete platelet inhibition due to(More)
AIMS Previous experimental studies have suggested that platelet stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) regulates mobilization and recruitment of haematopoietic progenitor cells supporting revascularization in mice. However, there are no clinical data available regarding platelet-bound SDF-1 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The objective of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate the efficacy, safety, and antiplatelet effect of prasugrel as compared with clopidogrel in patients with high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND The extent to which prasugrel can correct HTPR and improve clinical outcomes in patients(More)