Meinhart H . Zenk

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To deter pathogenic microorganisms and herbivores, plants have developed an inducible chemical defense system. It is known that the induced synthesis of low molecular weight compounds can be provoked by exposing cultured cells to fungal cell wall fragments. In this study we show that endogenous jasmonic acid and its methyl ester accumulate rapidly and(More)
An enzyme has been discovered and characterized from Silene cucubalus cell suspension cultures that catalyzes the transfer of the gamma-glutamylcysteine dipeptide moiety of glutathione to an acceptor glutathione molecule or a growing chain of [Glu(-Cys)](n)-Gly oligomers, thus synthesizing phytochelatins, the metal-binding peptides of higher plants and(More)
A set of novel heavy-metal complexing peptides was isolated from plant cell suspension cultures; the structure of the peptides was established as (gamma-glutamic acid-cysteine)n-glycine (n = 3 to 7). These peptides appear upon induction of plant cells with heavy metals and represent the principal metal-binding activities in the cells. The name phytochelatin(More)
Plant defense against microbial pathogens and herbivores relies heavily on the induction of defense proteins and low molecular weight antibiotics. The signals between perception of the aggression, gene activation, and the subsequent biosynthesis of secondary compounds are assumed to be pentacylic oxylipin derivatives. The rapid, but transient, synthesis of(More)
Phytochelatins are a class of heavy-metal-binding peptides previously isolated from cell suspension cultures of several dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants. These peptides consist of repetitive gamma-glutamylcysteine units with a carboxyl-terminal glycine and range from 5 to 17 amino acids in length. In the present paper we show that all plants(More)
Fungal cell walls and fragments thereof (elicitors) induce the formation of low and high molecular weight defense compounds in plant cell suspension cultures. This induced synthesis requires a signal molecule transmitting the message between the elicitor plant cell wall receptor and gene activation. We demonstrate in this study that cis-jasmonic acid is(More)
The incorporation of [1-13C]- and [2,3,4,5-13C4]1-deoxy-D-xylulose into beta-carotene, lutein, phytol, and sitosterol in a cell culture of Catharanthus roseus was analyzed by NMR spectroscopy. The labeling patterns of the isoprene precursors, isopentenyl pyrophosphate and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, were obtained from the terpenes by a retrobiosynthetic(More)
Acyl-CoA derivatives of several hydroxylated cinnamic acids have been synthesized in 30 to 50% yield via a. acyl phenyl thiol esters, b. acyl N-hydroxysuccinimide esters, and c. glucocinnamoyl derivatives. Properties of the intermediates have been determined. The cinnamyol-CoA thiol esters were characterized by their chromatographic behaviour and UV(More)
A Cd-binding complex was isolated from Chlorella fusca and has been shown to be composed of phytochelating peptides, (γ-Glu-Cys) n -Gly, n=2–5. Members of six of the ten classes of Phycophyta revealed phytochelatin synthesis after exposure to cadmium ions. Phytochelatin was also induced by ions of lead, zinc, silver, copper and mercury. These experiments(More)
The biosynthesis of cannabinoids was studied in cut sprouts of Cannabis sativa by incorporation experiments using mixtures of unlabeled glucose and [1-(13)C]glucose or [U-(13)C(6)]glucose. (13)C-labeling patterns of cannabichromenic acid and tetrahydrocannabinolic acid were analyzed by quantitative NMR spectroscopy. (13)C enrichments and coupling patterns(More)