Meinhard Wlaschek

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Monoubiquitination of core histone 2A (H2A-K119u) has a critical role in gene regulation in hematopoietic differentiation and other developmental processes. To explore the interplay of histone H2A deubiquitinase Myb-like SWIRM and MPN domain containing1 (2A-DUB/Mysm1) with the p53 axis in the sequential differentiation of mature lymphocytes from(More)
The skin is increasingly exposed to ambient UV-irradiation thus increasing its risk for photooxidative damage with longterm detrimental effects like photoaging, which is characterized by wrinkles, loss of skin tone, and resilience. Photoaged skin displays prominent alterations in the cellular component and the extracellular matrix of the connective tissue(More)
We aimed to clarify the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) as a possible link between neurodegeneration and skin pathology in ALS by determination of gelatinase MMP-2 and MMP-9 in spinal cord and skin of transgenic SOD1((G93A)) mice. To elucidate mechanisms influencing MMPs, markers of oxidative damage (malondialdehyde (MDA), 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) and(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mainly affects the motor neurons but may also include other organs such as the skin. We aimed to determine whether matrix metalloproteinases could provide a link between neuronal degeneration and skin alterations in ALS. We measured CSF, serum and skin tissue MMP-2 and MMP-9 using ELISA and malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker(More)
Premature aging of the skin is a prominent side effect of psoralen photoactivation, a therapy widely and successfully used for different skin disorders. Recently, we demonstrated that treatment of fibroblasts with 8-methoxypsoralen and ultraviolet A irradiation resulted in growth arrest with morphological and functional changes reminiscent of replicative(More)
Deregulation of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) resulting in either too high or too low concentrations are commonly recognized to be at least in part responsible for many changes associated with aging. This article reviews ROI-dependent mechanisms critically contributing to the decline of immune function during physiologic - or premature - aging. While(More)
After a finite number of population doublings, normal human cells undergo replicative senescence accompanied by growth arrest. We previously described a model of stress-induced premature senescence by treatment of dermal fibroblasts with psoralen plus UVA, a common photodermatological therapy. Psoralen photoactivation has long been used as a therapy for(More)
Following psoralen photoactivation (PUVA treatment) human dermal fibroblasts undergo long-term growth arrest as well as morphological and functional changes reminiscent of replicative senescence. Although the molecular description of cellular senescence is still incomplete, replicative senescence of cultured human cells has been suggested to reflect(More)
The free radical theory of aging postulates that the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species is the major determinant of aging and lifespan. The skin represents an excellent and accessible model organ to study aging that is characterized by atrophy, wrinkle formation, reduced tensile strength and impaired wound healing. Oxidative stress as a(More)
The evolutionarily conserved IGF-1 signalling pathway is associated with longevity, metabolism, tissue homeostasis, and cancer progression. Its regulation relies on the delicate balance between activating kinases and suppressing phosphatases and is still not very well understood. We report here that IGF-1 signalling in vitro and in a murine ageing model in(More)