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The aim of this investigation was to determine the influence of simulated ageing on the tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation and on the flexural strength of a 3Y-TZP ceramic, compared to alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ) and ceria-stabilized zirconia (12Ce-TZP). Standardized disc specimens of each material were hydrothermally aged in steam at 134°C(More)
OBJECTIVES We here investigated whether experimental gingivitis enhances systemic markers of inflammation which are also known as surrogate markers of atherosclerotic plaque development. BACKGROUND Gingivitis is a low-level oral infection induced by bacterial deposits with a high prevalence within Western populations. A potential link between the more(More)
Biofilms - communities of microorganisms attached to surfaces - are a constant threat for long-term success in modern implantology. The application of laser scanning microscopy (LSM) has increased the knowledge about microscopic properties of biofilms, whereas a 3D imaging technique for the large scale visualization of bacterial growth and migration on(More)
SUMMARY Treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances can cause enamel demineralization by increased biofilm adhesion. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coating reduces biofilm formation on orthodontic brackets. One PTFE-coated bracket and one uncoated stainless steel bracket were bonded symmetrically(More)
Peri-implant infections from bacterial biofilms on artificial surfaces are a common threat to all medical implants. They are a handicap for the patient and can lead to implant failure or even life-threatening complications. New implant surfaces have to be developed to reduce biofilm formation and to improve the long-term prognosis of medical implants. The(More)
Insertion of fixed orthodontic appliances can induce an increase in oral biofilm and thereby cause inflammation of the periodontal tissues. The purpose of this study was to perform a longitudinal analysis of clinical and microbial parameters after insertion of lingual brackets. Bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque index (PI), and pocket probing depth (PPD)(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and spectrum of bacterial colonization in relation to cochlear implant infections by introducing molecular biologic methods. METHOD In a pilot test, a virgin device served as a control to validate the subsequent sampling and analysis process via PCR and SSCP. Subsequently, analysis was performed on specimens of 15(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the microbial composition of biofilms at inflamed peri-implant and periodontal tissues in the same subject, using 16S rRNA sequencing. METHODS Supra- and submucosal, and supra- and subgingival plaque samples were collected from 7 subjects suffering from diseased peri-implant and periodontal tissues. Bacterial DNA was isolated and(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of the present study was to investigate and compare early biofilm formation on biomaterials, which are being used in contemporary fixed orthodontic treatment. METHODS This study comprised 10 healthy volunteers (5 females and 5 males) with a mean age of 27.3 +-3.7 years. Three slabs of different orthodontic materials (stainless(More)
The clinical success of osseointegrated dental implants depends on the strong attachment of the surrounding hard and soft tissues. Bacterial adhesion on implant surfaces can cause inflammatory reactions and may influence healing and long-term success of dental implants. Promising implant coatings should minimize bacterial adhesion, but allow epithelial and(More)