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Grass carp reovirus (GCRV)-induced gene 2 (Gig2) is recognized as a new antiviral factor involved in response to viral infection. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind the transcriptional regulation of Gig2 when infected by virus. In this study, the upstream promoter region of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) Gig2 gene (CiGig2) was(More)
The human monoclonal antibody GM4 was generated by fusing pooled lymphocytes from cancer patients with the lymphoblastoid cell line SHFP-1. Immunohistochemical staining of tumor and normal tissue indicated that this human IgG4 antibody preferentially reacted with melanomas and neuroblastomas. In this study, we demonstrate that GM4 recognizes a(More)
ADAR1, involved in A-to-I RNA editing, belongs to adenosine deaminase acting on RNA (ADAR) family. A-to-I RNA editing is the most widespread editing phenomenon in higher eukaryotes. In the present study, we cloned and identified the full-length cDNA, complete genomic sequence and the promoter sequence of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) ADAR1 (CiADAR1)(More)
Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) are well-known to be crucial for modulating the innate immune responses to viral infections. In the present study, the IRF-1 gene of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) (termed CiIRF-1) was cloned and characterized. The complete genomic sequence of CiIRF-1 was 3150 bp in length and comprised 9 exons and 8 introns. The(More)
Interferon Regulatory Factors (IRFs) make up a family of transcription factors involved in transcriptional regulation of type I IFN and IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) in cells. In the present study, an IRF2 gene (termed CiIRF2, JX628585) was cloned and characterized from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The full-length cDNA of CiIRF2 is 1809 bp in length,(More)
  • Dan Liu, Huiling Mao, +10 authors Chengyu Hu
  • Gene
  • 2016
Protein kinase R (PKR), the double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase, exists in mammalian and fish. PKZ, a PKR-like protein kinase containing Z-DNA binding domains, just exists in fish. PKR and PKZ work synergistically in the antiviral defense by inhibiting intracellular protein translation. The transcriptional factor IRF3 (interferon regulatory factor(More)
Interferon Regulatory Factors (IRFs) belong to a family of transcription factor involved in transcriptional regulation of type I IFN and IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) in cells. In the present study, an IRF3 full-length cDNA (termed CiIRF3, JX999055) and its promoter sequence were cloned by homology cloning strategy and genome walking from grass carp(More)
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