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BACKGROUND Diminished cardiac vagal activity and higher heart rate predict a high mortality rate of chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction. We investigated the effects of chronic electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on cardiac remodeling and long-term survival in an animal model of CHF after large myocardial infarction. METHODS AND(More)
Vagal nerve stimulation has been suggested to ameliorate left ventricular (LV) remodeling in heart failure. However, it is not known whether and to what degree vagal nerve stimulation affects matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP) in myocardium, which are known to play crucial roles in LV remodeling. We therefore investigated the(More)
Functional laterality of cardiac sympathetic nerve stimulation in chronotropic and inotropic effects is well known. Whether left (LSNA) and right (RSNA) cardiac sympathetic nerve activities show laterality during dynamic baroreflex activation remains to be determined. In nine anesthetized, vagotomized, and aortic-denervated rabbits, we randomly perturbed(More)
A baroreflex equilibrium diagram describes the relation between input pressure and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and that between SNA and arterial pressure (AP). To calibrate the SNA axis (abscissa) of the baroreflex equilibrium diagram, the AP response to intravenous bolus injections of phenylephrine (0.2-50 μg/kg) or norepinephrine (NE, 0.02-5 μg/kg)(More)
While it may be predictable that plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentration changes with efferent sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) in response to baroreceptor pressure inputs, an exact relationship between SNA and plasma NE concentration remains to be quantified in heart failure. We examined acute baroreflex-mediated changes in plasma NE and epinephrine (Epi)(More)
RATIONALE Maternal deprivation at postnatal day 3 was reported to enhance fear learning in a sex specific manner. Since the amygdala is critically involved in fear conditioning we examined here whether maternal deprivation regulates dendritic complexity in this area. OBJECTIVE To assess whether maternal deprivation regulates dendritic complexity in the(More)
Although ANG II exerts a variety of effects on the cardiovascular system, its effects on the peripheral parasympathetic neurotransmission have only been evaluated by changes in heart rate (an effect on the sinus node). To elucidate the effect of ANG II on the parasympathetic neurotransmission in the left ventricle, we measured myocardial interstitial ACh(More)
The arterial baroreflex system can be divided into the neural arc, from pressure input to efferent sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), and the peripheral arc, from SNA to arterial pressure (AP). Plotting the neural and peripheral arcs on a pressure-SNA plane yields a baroreflex equilibrium diagram. We examined the effects of vagotomy on the open-loop static(More)
Reversible methods of nerve blockade greatly aid neurophysiological and behavioral studies. We have developed an implantable device for the local delivery of anesthetics to the area surrounding the vagal nerve in rats. The device consists of a thick silicone tube for insulating the nerves from the surrounding tissue, and a thin silicone tube for the(More)
Background—Diminished cardiac vagal activity and higher heart rate predict a high mortality rate of chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction. We investigated the effects of chronic electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on cardiac remodeling and long-term survival in an animal model of CHF after large myocardial infarction. Methods and(More)
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