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The intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and geographical and genetic backgrounds impact the composition of the intestinal microbiota. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding the overall changes and characteristics of fecal-associated microbiota (FAM) and mucosa-associated microbiota(More)
PURPOSES To establish the risk factors for initial surgery in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) in Central China. METHODS The subjects of this study were patients with CD treated at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, an IBD center in Wuhan City, Central China, between January, 1992 and June, 2012. We conducted uni- and multivariate analyses of the(More)
Biological agents have been widely used in the treatment of Crohn’s disease (CD). These drugs carry the risk of excessive immunosuppression, indicating possible opportunistic infections including opportunistic viral infections, but no meta analysis has ever focused on this issue. To evaluate whether there is an association between biological agents therapy(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) is increasing and has already become a refractory disorder in China. Data on extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) in CD are rare, especially in Asians. We aimed to evaluate the trend of newly diagnosed CD and the prevalence and risk factors of EIMs in a clinical center in central China. MATERIALS(More)
The graft copolymer, chitosan-g-polyethylene glycol (PEG), was prepared through graft polymerization of PEG chains to chitosan due to the esterification reaction between PEG and 6-O-succinate-N-phthaloyl-chitosan (PHCSSA). The graft copolymer with porous structure was observed from scanning electron micrographs. It is a potential method to combine chitosan(More)
The graft copolymer chitosan-g-poly(vinyl alcohol), with nontoxicity, biodegradability, and biocompatibility, was prepared by a novel method. The copolymer with porous net structure was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It is a potential method to combine chitosan with the synthetic polymers. The grafting reactions were conducted with various(More)
N-maleamic acid-chitosan was synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra analysis (FT-IR) and 1H NMR. The graft copolymerization of N-maleamic acid-chitosan and butyl acrylate (BA) in acetic acid aqueous solution was investigated, using the gamma-ray of 60Co gamma-irradiation method. DSC (differential scanning calorimetry) trace of(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence has shown that coagulation processes play an important role in disease pathogenesis and/or disease progression in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. However, no study has ever focused on the possible influence of infliximab (IFX) therapy on the coagulation status in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). OBJECTIVE To(More)
Various modes are being explored for the construction of functional materials from nanoparticles. Despite these efforts, the assembly of nanoparticles remains challenging with respect to the requirement of multiple component organization on varying dimensions and length scales. The graft copolymers of chitosan with poly(butylene glycol adipate) (PBGA) were(More)