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JZTX-XI is a peptide toxin isolated from the venom of the Chinese spider Chilobrachys jingzhao. It contains 34 residues including six cysteine residues with disulfide bridges linked in the pattern of I-IV, II-V, and III-VI. Using 3'- and 5'-RACE methods, the full-length cDNA was identified as encoding an 86-residue precursor of JZTX-XI. In the(More)
The design of animal toxins with high target selectivity has long been a goal in protein engineering. Based on evolutionary relationship between the Drosophila antifungal defensin (drosomycin) and scorpion depressant Na(+) channel toxins, we exploited a strategy to create a novel chimeric molecule (named drosotoxin) with high selectivity for channel(More)
Jingzhaotoxin-V (JZTX-V), a 29-residue polypeptide, is derived from the venom of the spider Chilobrachys jingzhao. Its cDNA determined by rapid amplification of 3' and 5'-cDNA ends encoded an 83-residue precursor with a pro-region of 16 residues. JZTX-V inhibits tetrodotoxin-resistant and tetrodotoxin-sensitive sodium currents in rat dorsal root ganglion(More)
With high binding affinity and distinct pharmacological functions, animal toxins are powerful ligands to investigate the structure-function relationships of voltage-gated ion channels. Jingzhaotoxin-I (JZTX-I) is an important neurotoxin from the tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao venom that inhibits both sodium and potassium channels. In our previous work,(More)
The structure of phycoviolobilin, the photoactive chromophore of alpha-phycoerythrocyanin, is incompatible with a chromophore ligation to the apoprotein via SH-addition (cysteine) to a Delta3, 3(1)-double bond of the phycobilin. The two putative phycoerythrocyanin lyase genes of Mastigocladus laminosus, pecE and pecF, were overexpressed in Escherichia coli.(More)
PecE and PecF, the products of two phycoerythrocyanin lyase genes (pecE and pecF) of Mastigocladus laminosus (Fischerella), catalyze two reactions: (1) the regiospecific addition of phycocyanobilin (PCB) to Cys-alpha 84 of the phycoerythrocyanin alpha-subunit (PecA), and (2) the Delta 4-->Delta 2 isomerization of the PCB to the phycoviolobilin(More)
In the present study, we investigated the structure and function of hainantoxin-III (HNTX-III), a 33-residue polypeptide from the venom of the spider Ornithoctonus hainana. It is a selective antagonist of neuronal tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels. HNTX-III suppressed Nav1.7 current amplitude without significantly altering the activation,(More)
Tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao is one of the most venomous species distributed in China. In this study, we have isolated and characterized a novel neurotoxin named Jingzhaotoxin-IX (JZTX-IX) from the venom of the tarantula. JZTX-IX is a C-terminally amidated peptide composed of 35 amino acid residues. The toxin shows 74% sequence identity with CcoTx3 from(More)
Huwentoxin-X (HWTX-X) is a novel peptide toxin, purified from the venom of the spider Ornithoctonus huwena. It comprises 28 amino acid residues including six cysteine residues as disulfide bridges linked in the pattern of I-IV, II-V, and III-VI. Its cDNA, determined by rapid amplification of 3' and 5' cDNA ends, encodes a 65-residue prepropeptide. HWTX-X(More)
Our previous work demonstrated that huwentoxin-IV was an inhibitor cystine knot peptide from Chinese tarantula Ornithoctonus huwena venom that blocked tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels from mammalian sensory neurons [Peng, K., Shu, Q., Liu, Z., Liang, S., 2002. Function and solution structure of huwentoxin-IV, a potent neuronal(More)