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Jingzhaotoxin-V (JZTX-V), a 29-residue polypeptide, is derived from the venom of the spider Chilobrachys jingzhao. Its cDNA determined by rapid amplification of 3' and 5'-cDNA ends encoded an 83-residue precursor with a pro-region of 16 residues. JZTX-V inhibits tetrodotoxin-resistant and tetrodotoxin-sensitive sodium currents in rat dorsal root ganglion(More)
Huwentoxin-X (HWTX-X) is a novel peptide toxin, purified from the venom of the spider Ornithoctonus huwena. It comprises 28 amino acid residues including six cysteine residues as disulfide bridges linked in the pattern of I-IV, II-V, and III-VI. Its cDNA, determined by rapid amplification of 3' and 5' cDNA ends, encodes a 65-residue prepropeptide. HWTX-X(More)
Tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao is one of the most venomous species distributed in China. In this study, we have isolated and characterized a novel neurotoxin named Jingzhaotoxin-IX (JZTX-IX) from the venom of the tarantula. JZTX-IX is a C-terminally amidated peptide composed of 35 amino acid residues. The toxin shows 74% sequence identity with CcoTx3 from(More)
Our previous work demonstrated that huwentoxin-IV was an inhibitor cystine knot peptide from Chinese tarantula Ornithoctonus huwena venom that blocked tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels from mammalian sensory neurons [Peng, K., Shu, Q., Liu, Z., Liang, S., 2002. Function and solution structure of huwentoxin-IV, a potent neuronal(More)
The design of animal toxins with high target selectivity has long been a goal in protein engineering. Based on evolutionary relationship between the Drosophila antifungal defensin (drosomycin) and scorpion depressant Na(+) channel toxins, we exploited a strategy to create a novel chimeric molecule (named drosotoxin) with high selectivity for channel(More)
The effects of huwentoxin-V, an insect neurotoxic peptide from Chinese tarantula Ornithoctonus huwena venom, were studied on neuronal voltage-gated ion channels. Whole-cell patch-clamp configuration indicated that huwentoxin-V specifically inhibited high-voltage-activated calcium channels in adult cockroach dorsal unpaired median neurons (IC(50)(More)
With high binding affinity and distinct pharmacological functions, animal toxins are powerful ligands to investigate the structure-function relationships of voltage-gated ion channels. Jingzhaotoxin-I (JZTX-I) is an important neurotoxin from the tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao venom that inhibits both sodium and potassium channels. In our previous work,(More)
In the present study, we investigated the structure and function of hainantoxin-III (HNTX-III), a 33-residue polypeptide from the venom of the spider Ornithoctonus hainana. It is a selective antagonist of neuronal tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels. HNTX-III suppressed Nav1.7 current amplitude without significantly altering the activation,(More)
Huwentoxin-IV (HWTX-IV, also named Mu-theraphotoxin-Hh2a) is a typical inhibitor cystine knot peptide isolated from the venom of Chinese tarantula Ornithoctonus huwena and is found to inhibit tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) sodium channels from mammalian sensory neurons. This peptide binds to neurotoxin receptor site 4 located at the extracellular S3-S4(More)
N-type calcium channels play important roles in the control of neurotransmission release and transmission of pain signals to the central nervous system. Their selective inhibitors are believed to be potential drugs for treating chronic pain. In this study, a novel neurotoxin named Huwentoxin-XVI (HWTX-XVI) specific for N-type calcium channels was purified(More)