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The relationship between the optimization of the potential function and the foldability of theoretical protein models is studied based on investigations of a 27-mer cubic-lattice protein model and a more realistic lattice model for the protein crambin. In both the simple and the more complicated systems, optimization of the energy parameters achieves(More)
An investigation of the statistical properties of the native conformations of proteins, observed from crystal structures, is reported. Protein conformations were analyzed in terms of a bond vector correlation function and molecular volume. It was observed that, while the volume of a protein structure varies nearly linearly with the number of residues, the(More)
A computer-aided drug design strategy leads to the identification of a new class of p38 inhibitors based on the 2-tolyl-(1,2,3-triazol-1-yl-4-carboxamide) scaffold. The tolyl triazole amides provided a potent platform amenable to optimization. Further exploration leads to compounds with greater than 100-fold improvement in binding affinity to p38.(More)
The folding of single-domain globular proteins exhibits the character of first-order or two-state thermodynamics. The origin of such high cooperativity in relatively small polymer systems is still not well understood. Recently, the statistical mechanics of protein folding has been studied extensively with simple protein models such as short cubic-lattice(More)
By following a consistent line of physical reasoning, some fundamental understanding about the foldability of proteins has been achieved. In recent years, this has led to the development of a number of successful algorithms for optimizing potential energy functions for folding protein models. The differences between the folding mechanisms of simple,(More)
A new procedure for studying the folding and unfolding of proteins, with an application to bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI), is reported. The unfolding and refolding of the native structure of the protein are characterized by the dimensions of the protein, expressed in terms of the three principal radii of the structure considered as an ellipsoid.(More)
The treatment of infection with lamivudine-resistant mutants of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with mutations in the YMDD motif has become a crucial issue in the clinic. In this work, the plasmids pcDNA3.1 (+)-HBV/C-YVDD and pcDNA3.1 (+)-HBV/C-YMDD were constructed and injected into BALB/c mice using a hydrodynamics-based procedure to investigate viral replication(More)
Drug-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious problem affecting antiviral therapy. In this study, two long-term eukaryotic cell lines with full-length HBV were constructed and contained either lamivudine-resistant mutants (HBV-YIDD) or wild-type virus (HBV-wt). High levels of intracellular viral DNA replication were observed continuously after(More)
Image low-level information, such as color, texture, and shape, were generally dealt with separately and combined together gruffly. Their image-describing effect in image retrieval was weakened. This paper determines and extracts one group of texture elements from images to mainly express the image texture information and, during this procedure, the(More)
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