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A chemical mass balance (CMB) receptor model using particle-phase organic compounds as tracers is applied to apportion the primary source contributions to fine particulate matter and fine particulate organic carbon concentrations in the southeastern United States to determine the seasonal variability of these concentrations. Source contributions to(More)
Herpetic epithelial and stromal keratitis is a sight-threatening ocular infection. To study the role of the epithelium in the innate response to herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection of the cornea, we used a telomerase-immortalized human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) line, HUCL, and primary HCECs as a model and infected the cells with HSV-1 (KOS(More)
Isoprene-derived epoxydiols (IEPOX) are identified in ambient aerosol samples for the first time, together with other previously identified isoprene tracers (i.e., 2-methyltetrols, 2-methylglyceric acid, C(5)-alkenetriols, and organosulfate derivatives of 2-methyltetrols). Fine ambient aerosol collected in downtown Atlanta, GA and rural Yorkville, GA during(More)
The primary emission source contributions to fine organic carbon (OC) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) mass concentrations on a daily basis in Atlanta, GA, are quantified for a summer (July 3 to August 4, 2001) and a winter (January 2-31, 2002) month. Thirty-one organic compounds in PM2.5 were identified and quantified by gas chromatography/mass(More)
Summertime concentrations of fine particulate carbon in the southeastern United States are consistently underestimated by air quality models. In an effort to understand the cause of this error, the Community Multiscale Air Quality model is instrumented to track primary organic and elemental carbon contributions from fifteen different source categories. The(More)
An unanticipated wind shift led to the advection of plumes from two prescribed burning sites that impacted Atlanta, GA, producing a heavy smoke event late in the afternoon on February 28, 2007. Observed PM2.5 concentrations increased to over 140 microg/m3 and O3 concentrations up to 30 ppb in a couple of hours, despite the late hour in February when(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) evolves from a highly prevalent premalignant condition termed MGUS. The factors underlying the malignant transformation of MGUS are unknown. We report a MGUS/MM phenotype in transgenic mice with Emu-directed expression of the XBP-1 spliced isoform (XBP-1s), a factor governing unfolded protein/ER stress response and plasma-cell(More)
Herpes simplex virus infection of mouse corneas can lead to the development of an immunopathological lesion, termed herpetic stromal keratitis (HSK). Such lesions also occur in TCR-transgenic mice backcrossed to SCID (TgSCID) that are unable to mount detectable HSV-specific immune responses. The present study demonstrates that lesion expression in such mice(More)
In this report, we demonstrate that herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection of the cornea results in the upregulation of the matrix-degrading metalloproteinase enzyme MMP-9. This enzyme was shown to contribute to the neovascularization process that occurs in the corneal stroma in response to HSV infection. The likely source of MMP-9, at least initially after(More)