Mei-Zhen Jiang

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Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) is a population-based stochastic optimisation algorithm. The most important advantages of the PSO are that PSO is easy to implement and there are few parameters to adjust, but PSO is easy to get trapped in local optimum. In this paper, the premature convergence of standard PSO is investigated based on Markov chain. First,(More)
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