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Striatal glutamate release during novelty exposure-induced hyperactivity was studied by microdialysis in freely-moving olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) rats. After collecting three 10 min basal striatal dialysate samples, the animals were transferred to an open-field apparatus (novelty) and locomotor activity recorded for 60 min. OBX rats showed significantly(More)
Olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) transects the glutamatergic efferents from the olfactory bulbs, and the changes of glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated function are though to be involved in the behavioral deficits seen in OBX rats. In the present study, irritability scores in OBX male Wistar rats were correlated with discrete regional(More)
In rats, olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) causes changes in glutamatergic function in the amygdala (AMG) and induces mouse-killing behavior (MKB). The medial AMG (mAMG) plays an important role in the initiation and maintenance of OBX-induced MKB. In the present study, systemic injection or intra-mAMG perfusion of(More)
As age advances, the performance of animal behavior declines gradually. The purpose of this study was to investigate the onset of age-related changes in open-field behavior of rats from a wide age spectrum. Male Long-Evans rats, ranging from 2 to 22 months, were placed in an open-field apparatus during the dark phase for a cumulative period of 28 min. Data(More)
In vivo microdialysis experiments were performed on the nucleus accumbens (NAc) during observation of sexual behavior (including motivation and copulation) to determine if there were any changes in NAc dopamine (DA) transmission in prenatally stressed (PS) adult male rats. Approximate 37% of control males and 83% of PS males did not exhibit copulation(More)
RATIONALE Penile erection is necessary for successful copulation in males. The extract of Ginkgo biloba leaves (EGb 761) significantly facilitates copulation in male rats, but the effect of EGb 761 on noncontact erection (NCE) remains unknown. OBJECTIVE The present study was conducted to evaluate the influence of EGb 761 on NCE in male rats. MATERIALS(More)
The effects of age on dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and on amphetamine (AMPH)-induced locomotor activity were studied by microdialysis in freely-moving young (5 month) and old (24 month) rats. Both basal extracellular DA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) release and that following intra-accumbens perfusion of AMPH (1-10(More)
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of chronic administration of alcohol on the olfactory bulbectomy (OBX)-induced mouse-killing behavior (MKB), an animal model for screening antidepressants. The rats were divided into three groups, which were given alcohol (0, 0.5, or 1 g/kg/day) orally for 28 days. MKB was analyzed before and at(More)
Muricidal behavior in rats is composed of two main components, attacking and killing performance. Since a large number of mice could be killed by rats during behavioral experiments, research has been limited in the past decade possibly because of ethical considerations. In preliminary studies, we found that the rat incisors play a key role in muricidal(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sexual incentive motivation and copulatory performance are regulated by different subregions of the medial preoptic area (MPOA). Sexual incentive motivation was measured by means of a partner preference test. Both copulatory behavior and sexual incentive motivation were tested in male rats treated with(More)