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We have extended the method of transposon mutagenesis to the eukaryote, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A bacterial transposon containing a selectable yeast gene can be transposed into a cloned fragment of yeast DNA in Escherichia coli, and the transposon insertion can be returned to the yeast genome by homologous recombination. Initially, the cloned yeast DNA(More)
Initiation of a gonococcal infection involves attachment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to the plasma membrane of an epithelial cell in the mucosal epithelium and its internalization, transepithelial trafficking, and exocytosis from the basal membrane. Piliation and expression of certain Opa proteins and the immunoglobulin A1 protease influence the transcytosis(More)
Pili and pilin antigenic variation play important roles in adhesion of Neisseria meningitidis (MC) to human epithelial and endothelial cells. We recently identified one pilin variant that confers high adhesiveness of MC to human epithelial cells in culture. However, other factor(s) also play a role in MC adhesiveness, since some nonadhesive variants of MC(More)
The pathogenic Neisseriae Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, initiate colonization by attaching to host cells using type IV pili. Subsequent adhesive interactions are mediated through the binding of other bacterial adhesins, in particular the Opa family of outer membrane proteins. Here, we have shown that pilus-mediated adhesion to host cells(More)
The method of shuttle mutagenesis has been extended to Neisseria gonorrhoeae. We have constructed a defective mini-Tn3 derivative that encodes chloramphenicol resistance in both N. gonorrhoeae and Escherichia coli and selected for mutations in the chloramphenicol resistance gene that express higher levels of antibiotic resistance in N. gonorrhoeae. Isogenic(More)
Infection of human epithelial cells by Neisseria meningitidis (MC) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) increases the rate of degradation of LAMP1, a major integral membrane glycoprotein of late endosomes and lysosomes. Several lines of evidence indicate that the neisserial IgA1 protease is directly responsible for this LAMP1 degradation. LAMP1 contains an(More)
Attachment of piliated Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Neisseria meningitidis cells to A431, Chang, HEC-1-B, or polarized T(84) cells triggers rearrangements of cortical microfilaments and the accumulation of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins at sites of bacterial contact. Actin stress fibers and the microtubule network remain unaltered in infected cells. The(More)
The Neisseria meningitidis haemoglobin receptor gene, hmbR, was cloned by complementation in a porphyrin-requiring Escherichia coli mutant. hmbR encodes an 89.5 kDa outer membrane protein which shares amino acid homology with the TonB-dependent receptors of Gram-negative bacteria. HmbR had the highest similarity to Neisseria transferrin and lactoferrin(More)
BACKGROUND Gonococci (GC) and meningococci (MC) are gram-negative bacterial pathogens that infect human mucosal epithelia. We would like to understand the functions of specific bacterial components at each stage of mucosal colonization: adhesion, cell invasion, and traversal into subepithelial tissues. As no animal model of mucosal colonization by GC or MC(More)