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BACKGROUND Both leaf attributes and stomatal traits are linked to water economy in land plants. However, it is unclear whether these two components are associated evolutionarily. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In characterizing the possible effect of phylogeny on leaf attributes and stomatal traits, we hypothesized that a correlated evolution exists(More)
Dwarf bamboos are an important understory component of the lowland and montane forests in the subtropical regions of Asia and South America, yet little is known about their physiology and phenotypic plasticity in response to changing light environments. To understand how bamboo species adapt to different light intensities, we examined leaf morphological,(More)
Ferns usually have relatively lower photosynthetic potential than angiosperms. However, it is unclear whether low photosynthetic potential of ferns is linked to leaf water supply. We hypothesized that there is an evolutionary association of leaf water transport capacity with photosynthesis and stomatal density in ferns. In the present study, a series of(More)
A favorable leaf water balance can be achieved through coordinated variation in multiple leaf traits. However, the role of evolutionary history in producing this trait coordination is not well understood, especially in epiphytic species. To address these limitations, we measured 11 leaf traits for 19 Dendrobium species grown in the same environment, and(More)
Epiphytes are an important component of tropical and subtropical flora, and serve vital ecological functions in forest hydrology and nutrient fluxes. However, they often encounter water deficits because there is no direct contact between their roots and the soil. The strategies employed by epiphytes for maintaining water balance in relatively water-limited(More)
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