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The sliceable optical transponder, which can transmit/receive multiple optical flows, was recently proposed to improve a transponder's flexibility. The upper-layer traffic can be offloaded onto an optical layer with “just-enough transponder” resources. Traffic grooming evolves as the optical transponder shifts from fixed to sliceable.(More)
Science in general, and biomedical research in particular, is becoming more collaborative. As a result, collaboration with the right individuals, teams, and institutions is increasingly crucial for scientific progress. We propose Research Networking Systems (RNS) as a new type of system designed to help scientists identify and choose collaborators, and(More)
Human hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and HBV-related diseases remain a major public health problem. Individuals coinfected with its satellite hepatitis D virus (HDV) have more severe disease. Cellular entry of both viruses is mediated by HBV envelope proteins. The pre-S1 domain of the large envelope protein is a key determinant for receptor(s) binding.(More)
—Relay selection is crucial in improving the performance of wireless cooperative networks. Most previous works for relay selection use the current observed channel conditions to make the relay-selection decision for the subsequent frame. However, this memoryless channel assumption is often not realistic given the time-varying nature of some mobile(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with progressive degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. We report for the first time that the Drosophila histone deacetylase 6 (dHDAC6) plays a critical role in the protection of DA neurons and the formation of alpha-synuclein inclusions by using a Drosophila PD model constructed by ectopic expression of human(More)