Mei Shan Lin

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The optical absorption and fluorescence characteristics of 4′-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) with DNA and chromosomes were studied. There is a decrease in extinction coefficient and shift in the absorption spectra to a higher wavelength when the dye binds to DNA. The fluorescence of DAPI is enhanced by both A-T and G-C base-pairs. The enhancement by A-T(More)
A fluorescent staining technique has demonstrated a contralateral arrangement of fluorescent spots in the centromeric region of mouse metacentric chromosomes which have resulted from centric fusion. The results suggest that centric fusion involves the maintenance of DNA polaritv through the centromere and that the thymidine-rich chain of satellite DNA in(More)
A female twin with short stature, unusual facial appearance, widely spaced nipples, and coarctation of the aorta was found to have a peripheral blood lymphocyte karyotype of 45,X(43%)/46,X,idic(Y)(p11). Her twin brother, also short with similar facial appearance, had the same mosaicism (40% 45,X). Cultured skin fibroblast studies showed discrepant(More)
Variations in lateral asymmetry of human chromosome 1 were studied in 17 amniotic cell samples and eight blood samples by the 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) quenching of 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) fluorescence. The size and the relative proportion of the bright fluorescent spots on each chromatid in the heterochromatic region of chromosome 1 (1qh) are(More)
A de novo direct duplication of 9p22-->p24 was shown in a child with a duplication 9p phenotype by GTG banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using a chromosome-9 specific painting probe as well as 6 YAC DNA probes localized to the 9p13-9p23 region. The breakpoints in this patient and previously reported patients suggest that 9p22 may be the(More)
Multiple cell-multiple flask mosaicism was found in 0.20% of 6,000 amniocenteses, and multiple cell-single flask mosaicism was found in 0.92%. Multiple cell-multiple flask mosaicism usually was found in fetal or infant tissues at delivery or elective abortion. Most multiple cell-multiple flask mosaicism involved sex chromosomes and was either 45, X/46, XY(More)
This paper describes a 4′-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) fluorescent technique for differentiation of sister chromatids and for the study of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) in mouse chromosomes. The advantages of the DAPI fluorescent technique are also described. Differences in the occurrence of SCE between the centromeric heterochromatin (C-banded) and(More)
The terminal phase of DNA replication was studied by autoradiography in hybrids between human lymphocytes and mouse fibroblasts. The hybrids contained on the average only 11 human chromosomes. It was found that the sequence of terminal DNA replication for the human chromosomes in the hybrids was the same as the sequence of terminal replication for the(More)