Mei-Liang Huang

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BACKGROUND Recently, enterovirus 71 (EV71) has caused life-threatening outbreaks involving neurological and cardiopulmonary complications in Asian children with unknown mechanism. EV71 has one single serotype but can be phylogenetically classified into 3 main genogroups (A, B and C) and 11 genotypes (A, B1∼B5 and C1∼C5). In Taiwan, nationwide EV71 epidemics(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is causing life-threatening hand-foot-mouth disease in Asia. In Taiwan, EV71 epidemics with different predominant genotypes occurred in 1998 (C2), 2000-2001 (B4), and 2004-2005 (C4). This genotype replacement may have important implications for vaccine development and prediction of epidemics. A nationwide EV71 outbreak(More)
OBJECTIVE Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is causing life-threatening outbreaks in tropical Asia. In Taiwan and other tropical Asian countries, although nationwide EV71 epidemics occur cyclically, age-specific incidence rates of EV71 infections that are critical to estimate disease burden and design vaccine trials are not clear. A nationwide EV71 epidemic occurred in(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the main etiologic agent of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) and causes frequently severe neurological complications and mortality in young children. The serum neutralizing antibody response is the major indicator of EV71 infection and protective immunity. The current serum neutralization test based on inhibition of cytopathic(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses include over 100 serotypes and usually cause self-limited infections with non-specific symptoms in children, with the exceptions of polioviruses and enterovirus 71 which frequently cause neurologic complications. Therefore, early detection and serotyping of enteroviruses are critical in clinical management and disease surveillance.(More)
A serosurvey targeting Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-vaccinated children born between 1986 and 1998 was conducted in 2001 in remote Taiwanese villages where a 1993 serosurvey indicated high vaccine failure. The HBV S antigen (HBsAg) seropositive rate among vaccinees of 3-6-year-old children in 2001 was significantly lower than that of 1993 and was higher among(More)
Current egg-based influenza vaccine production technology can't promptly meet the global demand during an influenza pandemic as shown in the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Moreover, its manufacturing capacity would be vulnerable during pandemics caused by highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. Therefore, vaccine production using mammalian cell technology is(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a positive-sense RNA virus that belongs to the enterovirus genus in the family Picornaviridae along with other important human pathogens, such as polioviruses and rhinoviruses. EV71 was first isolated in l969 in the United States from a child with neurological disease, but a recent retrospective study suggested that EV71 was(More)
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