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The main purpose of this study was to investigate the transmembrane permeability of polyphenol-containing Polygonum cuspidatum extracts (PCE) encapsulated in phospholipid-based o/w microemulsion system. First, preparations of several PCEs using solid- or liquid-phase extraction or a combination of both, as well as evaluation of their antioxidant activities,(More)
Microcontact imprinting of cells often involves the deposition of a polymer solution onto a monolayer cell stamp, followed by solvent evaporation. Thus, the concentration of the polymer may play an important role in the final morphology and efficacy of the imprinted film. In this work, various concentrations of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) (EVAL) were(More)
In 1996 and 2000, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of Nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22) as a monitoring tool for predicting the recurrence/clearing of bladder cancer, and for screening undiagnosed individuals who have symptoms of, or are at risk for, that disease. The fabrication of electrodes for sensing NMP22 and their(More)
There is increasing interest in using natural products as anticancer agents, as many have antioxidative properties that may help to prevent cellular damage that can lead to cancer. In addition, there is the expectation that many natural products will have low toxicity and few side effects. However, most anticancer and antioxidative agents are hydrophobic,(More)
Superparamagnetic nanoparticles are of great current interest for biomedical applications in both diagnostics and treatment. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) can be manipulated by magnetic fields, so that when functionalized, they can be used for the purification and separation of biomolecules and even whole cells. Here we report combining the separation(More)
Ultrasound is a powerful noninvasive modality for biomedical imaging, and holds much promise for noninvasive drug delivery enhancement and targeting. However, the optimal design of sound sensitive carriers is still poorly understood. In this study, curcumin, an important natural antioxidant and anticancer compound, was stably entrapped into microemulsion(More)
Radix Puerariae (RP), a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, has been used for a variety of disease prevention and treatment purposes. Three isoflavones, puerarin, daidzin and daidzein, isolated from RP are responsible for its broad therapeutic effects. In the present study, we demonstrate the application of three extraction methods, traditional, pressurized(More)
The high stability of quantum dots (QDots) with photoluminescence has led to their increased use as imaging approaches in biological systems to replace conventional fluorescence labels. The antibodies are generally coated on the surface of QDots to the targeting site, and molecular imprinting polymers are designed to mimic the antibodies. Hence, quantum(More)
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration allows a maximum of 72 mg of caffeine per 12 oz. serving (6 mg/oz). Consuming 400 mg of caffeine 3 times daily for 7 days may develop sleep disruption effects. However, it is still very hard for people to estimate how much caffeine is intake daily. Moreover, (-)epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is studied a potent(More)
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have long been studied for applications in biomolecule recognition and binding; compared with natural antibodies, they may offer advantages in cost and stability. We report on the development of MIPs that "self-report" concentrations of bound analytes via fluorescence changes in embedded quantum dots (QDots). Composite(More)