Mei-Hua Hu

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We investigated the plasma cytokine profiles of children with febrile seizures or severe acute encephalitis using multiplex cytometry to evaluate the role of cytokines in these diseases. Interleukin-6, -10, -12p70, -17A, -2, -4, -5, -9, -13, -22, and -1β, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured in the plasma from children with febrile(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertensive encephalopathy is an uncommon neurological syndrome in children, usually with reversible clinical and neuroimaging findings. Little is known about the precipitating factors, clinical presentations, neuroimaging findings and outcomes of childhood hypertensive encephalopathy in Taiwan. METHODS To characterize this syndrome, we(More)
BACKGROUND Because platelet CD40 ligand (CD40L) expression plays an important role in inflammatory conditions, reduction of CD40L expression may be beneficial for patients with sepsis. Although hypertonic saline, mannitol, and hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions have been shown to modulate inflammatory responses, their effects on platelet CD40L expression(More)
Objective: The occurrence of Delayed Neuropsychiatric Sequelae (DNS) after Carbon Monoxide (CO) poisoning is uncommon in children. Early identification of risk factors for the development of DNS in pediatric emergency departments is important. The objective of this study was to analyze risk factors for DNS after CO poisoning. Methods: We retrospectively(More)
OBJECTIVE Nitrous oxide myelopathy is rare in children. We report a 16-year-old girl who presented at the pediatric emergency department with progressive ascending numbness in 4 limbs for 1 week and sensory ataxia for 4 days. The patient had frequently inhaled nitrous oxide for recreation over the preceding 3 months. Her serum vitamin B12, homocysteine, and(More)
Children with abuse who are admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) may have high mortality and morbidity and commonly require critical care immediately. It is important to understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of these critical cases of child maltreatment.We retrospectively evaluated the data for 355 children with maltreatments(More)
OBJECTIVES Part of platelet function involves aggregation and activation. Activation leads to platelet P selectin expression and platelet-leukocyte aggregation. Hypertonic saline inhibits platelet aggregation, although the effects of hypertonic saline on platelet activation are not known. We evaluated the effects of hypertonic saline on platelet activation(More)
BACKGROUND The pneumatic tourniquet is frequently used in total knee arthroplasty. Tourniquet deflation may result in hypotension and tachycardia caused by the rapid shift of blood volume back to the ischaemic limb and a decrease in cardiac preload. Passive leg raising (PLR) represents a 'self-volume challenge' that can result in an increase in preload.(More)
Effects of blood transfusions on platelet-related and leukocyte-related inflammation are unclear. We simulated transfusion using in vitro blood mixing to evaluate platelet-leukocyte aggregations (PLA) and platelet P-selectin expression, and the mechanism of PLA. Donor packed red blood cells (pRBCs) were obtained from a blood bank. Recipient whole blood(More)
The coexistence of spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and a familial cerebral cavernous hemangioma (CCH) is extremely rare. A 9-year-old boy suddenly developed severe paraplegia and urinary dysfunction. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan revealed a cervical and upper thoracic intramedullary lesion. Due to acute neurological dysfunction, the(More)