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BACKGROUND Hypertensive encephalopathy is an uncommon neurological syndrome in children, usually with reversible clinical and neuroimaging findings. Little is known about the precipitating factors, clinical presentations, neuroimaging findings and outcomes of childhood hypertensive encephalopathy in Taiwan. METHODS To characterize this syndrome, we(More)
BACKGROUND Because platelet CD40 ligand (CD40L) expression plays an important role in inflammatory conditions, reduction of CD40L expression may be beneficial for patients with sepsis. Although hypertonic saline, mannitol, and hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions have been shown to modulate inflammatory responses, their effects on platelet CD40L expression(More)
We investigated the plasma cytokine profiles of children with febrile seizures or severe acute encephalitis using multiplex cytometry to evaluate the role of cytokines in these diseases. Interleukin-6, -10, -12p70, -17A, -2, -4, -5, -9, -13, -22, and -1β, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured in the plasma from children with febrile(More)
OBJECTIVE Nitrous oxide myelopathy is rare in children. We report a 16-year-old girl who presented at the pediatric emergency department with progressive ascending numbness in 4 limbs for 1 week and sensory ataxia for 4 days. The patient had frequently inhaled nitrous oxide for recreation over the preceding 3 months. Her serum vitamin B12, homocysteine, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Part of platelet function involves aggregation and activation. Activation leads to platelet P selectin expression and platelet-leukocyte aggregation. Hypertonic saline inhibits platelet aggregation, although the effects of hypertonic saline on platelet activation are not known. We evaluated the effects of hypertonic saline on platelet activation(More)
Postanesthetic involuntary movements are triggered by a variety of drugs, including propofol, sevoflurane, anti-emetics, and anti-psychotics. A case of acute involuntary movements in a healthy man after fentanyl exposure is presented. The movements consisted of large-amplitude motions of the upper limbs of the elbow joint for flexion and extension, and(More)
The effects of intravenous (IV) catheter gauge and pressurization of IV fluid (IVF) bags on fluid flow rate have been studied. However, the pressure needed to achieve a flow rate equivalent to that of a 16 gauge (G) catheter through smaller G catheters and the potential for endothelial damage from the increased kinetic energy produced by higher(More)
Children with abuse who are admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) may have high mortality and morbidity and commonly require critical care immediately. It is important to understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of these critical cases of child maltreatment.We retrospectively evaluated the data for 355 children with maltreatments(More)
Internal herniation is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction, especially in the emergency department. We report a child with acute abdomen resulting from transmesenteric internal herniation of the small bowel. Radiographic findings revealed gaseous distension of the bowel loops in the upper abdominal area with a paucity of gas in the lower abdomen.(More)
BACKGROUND The pneumatic tourniquet is frequently used in total knee arthroplasty. Tourniquet deflation may result in hypotension and tachycardia caused by the rapid shift of blood volume back to the ischaemic limb and a decrease in cardiac preload. Passive leg raising (PLR) represents a 'self-volume challenge' that can result in an increase in preload.(More)