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Microdialysis is a novel and minimally invasive sampling technique, based on the diffusion of analytes from the interstitial compartment through a semi-permeable membrane, and enables direct assessment of tissue disposition and penetration of drugs. Variable antitumor responses may be associated with differences in tumor vascularity, capillary permeability… (More)
BACKGROUND Omeprazole is one of the most prescribed medications worldwide and within the class of proton pump inhibitors, it is most frequently associated with drug interactions. In vitro studies have shown that omeprazole can alter the function of metabolic enzymes and transporters that are involved in the metabolism of irinotecan, such as uridine… (More)
The anti-estrogen tamoxifen is characterized by a large variability in response, partly due to pharmacokinetic differences. We examined circadian variation in tamoxifen pharmacokinetics in mice and breast cancer patients. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed in mice, dosed at six different times (24-h period). Tissue samples were used for mRNA expression… (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The anti-oestrogen tamoxifen requires metabolic activation to endoxifen by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, predominantly CYP2D6. Potent CYP2D6-inhibiting antidepressants can seriously disrupt tamoxifen metabolism, probably influencing the efficacy of tamoxifen. For this reason, paroxetine and fluoxetine are recommended not to be used… (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Circadian rhythms may influence the pharmacokinetics of drugs. This study aimed to elucidate whether the pharmacokinetics of the orally administered drug sunitinib are subject to circadian variation. METHODS We performed studies in male FVB-mice aged 8-12 weeks, treated with single-dose sunitinib at six dosing times. Plasma and… (More)
2502 Background: The proton pump inhibitor omeprazole (Losec) is one of the most extensively prescribed medications worldwide and within its class, omeprazole is most frequently associated with drug interactions. In vitro studies have shown that omeprazole can alter the function of metabolic enzymes and efflux transporters that are involved in the… (More)
The bioavailability of two prazosin formulations was studied in 12 healthy volunteers. 1 Subject left the study. Based on the statistical tests of the pharmacokinetic parameters of prazosin in 11 volunteers, such as t 1/2, Cmax, tmax and AUC, it could be concluded that both preparations had comparable bioavailabilities.
Polyps of the gall bladder are uncommon conditions in children. We present a case report of a 14-year-old girl who had calculous cholecystitis and an adenomatous hyperplastic polyp of the gall bladder. She was treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Aim: The anti-estrogen tamoxifen (Tam) requires activation to endoxifen by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. The use of potent CYP2D6-inhibiting drugs can significantly disrupt endoxifen formation, which probably affects the efficacy of Tam. For this reason, the use of potent CYP2D6-inhibiting antidepressants (AD) along with Tam is discouraged. However, this… (More)