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The effects of glucocorticoids on ion currents were investigated in pituitary GH3 and AtT-20 cells. In whole-cell configuration, dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, reversibly increased the density of Ca2+ -activated K+ current (IK(Ca)) with an EC50 value of 21 +/- 5 microM. Dexamethasone-induced increase in IK(Ca) density was suppressed by paxilline(More)
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a phenolic antioxidant derived from the propolis of honeybee hives, is known to be an inhibitor of activation of nuclear transcript factor NF-kappaB. Its effects on ion currents have been investigated in pituitary GH(3) cells. This compound increased Ca(2+)-activated K(+) current (I(K(Ca))) in a concentration-dependent(More)
A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method was developed, validated and applied to simultaneous analysis of oral fluid samples for the following 10 analytes: methadone, 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP), buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, morphine, codeine, 6-acetylmorphine, 6-acetylcodeine,(More)
Methadone (Mtd) is a widely used opioid drug associated with the side effect of hyperprolactinemia. The mechanism of how Mtd induces prolactin secretion remains unclear. The effects of Mtd and its two main metabolites (EDDP: (±)-2-ethyl-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolinium percholarate and EMDP: 2-ethyl-5-methyl-3,3-dipnehyl-1-pyrroline) on ion currents(More)
Benzidine (BZ) and its six structural analogues (2-aminobiphenyl [2-ABP], 4-aminobiphenyl [4-ABP], 3,3'-diaminobenzidine [DABZ], 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine [DCBZ] 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine [DEBZ], and 3,3'-dimthylbenzidine [DMBZ]) were examined for DNA damage in human lymphocytes using the alkaline comet assay. All the tested compounds showed a distinct disparity(More)
Dang-Gui-Shao-Yao-San (DGSYS) is a mixture of medicinal herbs, which has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating anemia and ovulary disorders. Its preparation comprises Angelicae sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, Ligustucum chuanxiong Hort, Paeonia lactiflora pall, Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, Atractylodis macrocephala Koidz and Alisma orientalis(More)
Quinones have been shown to possess antineoplastic activity; however, their effects on ionic currents remain unclear. The effects of 2-mercaptophenyl-1,4-naphthoquinone (2-MPNQ), menadione (MD) and 1,4-naphthoquinone (1,4 NQ) on cell proliferation and ionic currents in pituitary GH3 lactotrophs were investigated in this study. 2-MPNQ was more potent than(More)
The ionic mechanisms and cytoprotective activities of 4-piperidinomethyl-2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol (THPI), an analogue of thymol, were investigated in HL-60 granulocytes and in human erythrocytes, respectively. THPI inhibited K+ outward current (I(K)) in a concentration-dependent manner in HL-60 leukocytes, with an IC50 value of 4 microM. Neither(More)
A two-step derivatization approach has been developed to enable the simultaneous analysis of glyoxal, methylglyoxal, and 3-deoxyglucosone by the most efficient and widely applied GC-MS methodology. These three analytes are reactive carbonyl compounds associated with the formation of advanced glycation and lipoxidation end products, a process thought to(More)
BACKGROUND Growing misuse of ketamine necessitates the development of high throughput testing approaches. Two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for ketamine have recently become available and were adapted for this development. METHOD The newly available ketamine ELISA reagents were examined to better understand their cross-reacting,(More)