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Cellular content of cAMP generated by activation of adenylylcyclase (AC; EC 4.6.1.1) is a key determinant of functional responsiveness in the heart and other tissues. We have tested two hypotheses regarding the relationship between AC content and beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR)-mediated signal transduction in cardiac myocytes. First, that AC content(More)
We examined alterations in left ventricular (LV) G protein receptor kinase (GRK) and adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoform expression during the development of pacing-induced congestive heart failure (CHF). AC isoform and GRK expression were assessed 4 (mild CHF) and 28 (severe CHF) days after initiation of pacing. LV beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) number and G(More)
Pinocembrin is the most abundant flavonoids in propolis, and has been proven to have antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory property. To assess the protective effects of pinocembrin on neurons, SH-SY5Y neuronal cells were pretreated with pinocembrin for 2 h followed by co-treatment with glutamate (2 mM) for 12 h. Cell viability was determined(More)
Activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) is a crucial mechanism underlying the development and maintenance of pain. Traditionally, the role of NMDARs in the pathogenesis of pain is ascribed to their activation and signalling cascades in postsynaptic neurons. In this study, we determined if presynaptic NMDARs in the primary afferent(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective action and mechanisms of pinocembrin (1) on the neurovascular unit (NVU) in permanent cerebral ischemic rats. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by occlusion of middle cerebral artery (MCAO) in rats. Compound 1 (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg) was intravenously injected at 0, 8, 16 h after MCAO. At 24 h of(More)
This report describes the first successful genetic engineering of tolerance to salt in an agriculturally important species of woody plants by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation with the codA gene of Arthrobacter globiformis. This gene encodes choline oxidase, which catalyzes the oxidation of choline to glycinebetaine. The binary plasmid vector pGC95.091,(More)
Pinocembrin is one of the flavonoids at the highest concentration in propolis. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of pinocembrin on ischemia/reperfusion and ischemia/reperfusion-like insults. Protection by pinocembrin was studied at the in vivo level using a model of middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion in rats.(More)
This study investigated the effects of baicalein, a natural compound isolated from the root of scutellaria, on cognitive and motor ability impaired by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats, as well as its effects on brain mitochondria. Rats subjected to permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion experienced cognitive deficits, oxidative stress and(More)
BACKGROUND The potential mechanisms of microRNA-1 (miR-1) in the electrical remodeling of atrial fibrillation remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of miR-1 on the atrial effective refractory period (AERP) in a right atrial tachypacing model and to elucidate the potential mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS QRT-PCR and western(More)
We have developed a new Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method for the low-frequency-regenerating pear (Pyrus communis L.) cvs. Silver bell and La France. Leaf sections derived from in vitro shoots were initially used for the transformation procedure. Under optimum transformation conditions, which included culture and selection on 30 mg/l kanamycin(More)