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The role of plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) in plants under drought stress (DS) is crucial in modulating physiological responses that eventually lead to adaptation to an unfavorable environment; however, the role of this hormone in modulation of glycinebetaine (GB) metabolism in maize particularly at the seedling stage is still poorly understood. Some(More)
We have developed a new Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method for the low-frequency-regenerating pear (Pyrus communis L.) cvs. Silver bell and La France. Leaf sections derived from in vitro shoots were initially used for the transformation procedure. Under optimum transformation conditions, which included culture and selection on 30 mg/l kanamycin(More)
Activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) is a crucial mechanism underlying the development and maintenance of pain. Traditionally, the role of NMDARs in the pathogenesis of pain is ascribed to their activation and signalling cascades in postsynaptic neurons. In this study, we determined if presynaptic NMDARs in the primary afferent(More)
Increased expression of adenylyl cyclase VI has beneficial effects on the heart, but strategies that increase cAMP production in cardiac myocytes usually are harmful. Might adenylyl cyclase VI have beneficial effects unrelated to increased beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling? We previously reported that adenylyl cyclase VI reduces cardiac(More)
Sustained β-adrenergic receptor stimulation is associated with cardiomyopathy, an affect thought to result from cAMP-associated cardiac injury. Using a murine line with adenylyl cyclase 6 gene deletion (AC6KO), we tested the hypothesis that AC6 deletion, by limiting cAMP production, would attenuate cardiomyopathy in the setting of sustained β-adrenergic(More)
In this paper, a novel method so-called bioluminescence inhibition assay with luminous bacteria (Photobacterium phosphoreum) was introduced to evaluate the toxicity of quantum dots. The bioassay was based on measuring the decrease of the light emitted by luminous bacteria. With obvious advantages of simplicity, rapidity and sensitivity, it can dramatically(More)
Paclitaxel is a chemotherapeutic agent widely used for treating carcinomas. Patients receiving paclitaxel often develop neuropathic pain and have a reduced quality of life which hinders the use of this life-saving drug. In this study, we determined the role of GABA transporters in the genesis of paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain using behavioral tests,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MicroRNA-206 (miR-206) acts as a tumor suppressor in melanoma cell lines. However, its clinical significance remains unclear. The aim of this study was to detect the serum level of miR-206 in patients with melanoma and to determine the feasibility of using it as a noninvasive prognostic biomarker. METHODS Expression levels of(More)
Salidroside is a major constituent of Rhodiola rosea L. that elicits beneficial effects for ischemic cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of salidroside on endothelial cells apoptosis induced by the hypoxia mimicking agent, cobalt chloride. After challenge with cobalt chloride for 24 h, loss of cell(More)
Shikonin, a naphthoquinone pigment isolated from the Chinese herbal Zicao, has been shown to exhibit antioxidant and anticancer effects. In the present study, we investigated the antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of shikonin on A431 cells and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. In the present study, our results showed that shikonin(More)