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Although rhein has been shown to induce apoptosis in several cancer cell lines, the mechanism of action of rhein-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis at the molecular level is not well known. In this study, the mechanism of rhein action on A-549 human lung cancer cells was investigated. Rhein induced G0/G1 arrest through inhibition of cyclin D3, Cdk4 and(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL10) is an immunosuppressive cytokine which may facilitate carcinogenesis by down-regulating interferon-gamma production and supporting tumor escape from the immune response. Polymorphisms within the promoter of IL10 gene may not only contribute to differential IL10 expression levels among individuals but also to oral cancer susceptibility.(More)
1,3,8-Trihydroxy-6-methylanthaquinone (emodin) is recognized as an antiproliferative compound. In the present study, however, we show that emodin has both toxic and survival effects in glioma cells and that the survival effects involve Mdr1a. Emodin inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of C6 cells in a 12-h treatment, but C6 cells survived a(More)
To describe the endosonographic features of gastrointestinal ectopic pancreas, especially when histopathological diagnosis is unachievable with nonsurgical modalities. Endoscopic ultrasonography was performed in 20 patients with endoscopically recognized ectopic pancreas. We then analyzed the endosonographic features of the lesions and the clinical aspects(More)
OBJECTIVES Lycopene is a carotene and phytochemical known to protect against metabolic diseases. It is found in red fruits and vegetables, predominantly tomatoes. This study aimed to show the supplementation effect of tomato juice on indices associated with metabolic health and adipokine profiles in generally healthy people. METHODS A total of 30 young(More)
White rice (WR) is made by polishing brown rice (BR) and has lost various nutrients; however, most people prefer it to BR, maybe because of the hardness of BR. Pre-germinated brown rice (PGBR) improves the problem of BR. It is made by soaking BR kernels in water to germinate and becomes softer than BR. In this study we compared the effects of WR and PGBR on(More)
Curcuminoids are the major natural phenolic compounds found in the rhizome of many Curcuma species. Curcuminoids consist of a mixture of curcumin, demethoxycurcumin (DMC), and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC). Although numerous studies have shown that curcumin induced cell apoptosis in many human cancer cells, however, mechanisms of BDMC-inhibited cell growth(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a worldwide neoplasm for which early diagnosis is difficult and the prognosis is usually poor. Overexpression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) has been suggested to be associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. Although several COX-2 inhibitors have been used in hepatoma therapy, the genetic background between COX-2 and HCC remains(More)
AIM Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the fifth most common cancer worldwide, has high prevalence and mortality rates in Taiwan. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), an important proinflammatory cytokine, is involved in multiple physiological and pathogenic phenomena that lead to the destruction and dysregulation of tissues. The present study aimed to evaluate the(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic primary closure of the common bile duct (CBD) combined with percutaneous transhepatic cholangiographic drainage (PTCD) and laparoscopic choledocholithotomy with T-tube placement for the treatment of CBD stones. Between January 1991 and July 2002, 50 patients with(More)