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Although rhein has been shown to induce apoptosis in several cancer cell lines, the mechanism of action of rhein-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis at the molecular level is not well known. In this study, the mechanism of rhein action on A-549 human lung cancer cells was investigated. Rhein induced G0/G1 arrest through inhibition of cyclin D3, Cdk4 and(More)
OBJECTIVES Lycopene is a carotene and phytochemical known to protect against metabolic diseases. It is found in red fruits and vegetables, predominantly tomatoes. This study aimed to show the supplementation effect of tomato juice on indices associated with metabolic health and adipokine profiles in generally healthy people. METHODS A total of 30 young(More)
White rice (WR) is made by polishing brown rice (BR) and has lost various nutrients; however, most people prefer it to BR, maybe because of the hardness of BR. Pre-germinated brown rice (PGBR) improves the problem of BR. It is made by soaking BR kernels in water to germinate and becomes softer than BR. In this study we compared the effects of WR and PGBR on(More)
Curcuminoids are the major natural phenolic compounds found in the rhizome of many Curcuma species. Curcuminoids consist of a mixture of curcumin, demethoxycurcumin (DMC), and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC). Although numerous studies have shown that curcumin induced cell apoptosis in many human cancer cells, however, mechanisms of BDMC-inhibited cell growth(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a worldwide neoplasm for which early diagnosis is difficult and the prognosis is usually poor. Overexpression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) has been suggested to be associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. Although several COX-2 inhibitors have been used in hepatoma therapy, the genetic background between COX-2 and HCC remains(More)
AIM Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the fifth most common cancer worldwide, has high prevalence and mortality rates in Taiwan. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), an important proinflammatory cytokine, is involved in multiple physiological and pathogenic phenomena that lead to the destruction and dysregulation of tissues. The present study aimed to evaluate the(More)
Anthraquinones have been shown to induce apoptosis in different types of tumor cells, but the mechanisms of danthron-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells have not been adequately explored. This study investigated the roles of caspase cascades, ROS, DNA damage, mitochondrial disruption, and Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in(More)
Cell motility involves metastasis suppressors and other regulators that play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), found in dietary cruciferous vegetables, has been found to exhibit antitumor properties and therefore is of special interest for the development of chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent for(More)
Flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds found in various foods of plants. Rutin, one of the flavonoids, had been showed induced apoptosis in cancer cells. There is no available information to address rutin affects murine leukemia cells in vivo. In the present study, we are focused on the in vivo effects of rutin on leukemia WEHI-3 cells. The effects of rutin(More)
AIM To investigate the association of Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) polymorphisms with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in a central Taiwanese population. METHODS Three hundred and sixty-two patients with colorectal cancer and the same number of recruited age- and gender-matched healthy controls were genotyped. And only those matches with all single nucleotide(More)